Book of Nahum and Nahum, the Person

1 Book of Nahum
The Summary of the Book of Nahum

2 Book of NahumThe book of Nahum is a Prophetic Oracle. The prophet Nahum wrote it approximately 663-612 B.C. just before the fall of Nineveh in 612 B.C. He was raised up to preach God’s judgment for a second time to Nineveh. Jonah was the first about 120 years earlier.

Its purpose is to pronounce the final warning and judgment upon Nineveh, and he also addresses the rest of the Assyrian empire. They returned to wickedness shortly after they repented back in Jonah’s day. They would neglect Nahum and his message.

Within fifty years, Nineveh would be completely decimated and utterly wiped from the face of the Earth.

Chapter 1 – Nahum warns of judgment, and describes the awesome power of God.

The mountains quake because at Him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yeah, the world, and all that dwell therein (1:5).

He then goes on to encourage a hope for the Southern Kingdom because of the coming judgment of Nineveh.

Thus says the LORD, Though they be quiet, and likewise many, yet thus shall they be cut down, when he shall pass through.  Though I have afflicted thee, I will afflict thee no more (1:12).

Chapter 2-3 – Nahum predicts the annihilation of Nineveh:

And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her?  Whence shall I seek comforters for thee? (3:7).

It was damaged so severely that it was lost and believed it never existed, until archaeologists found it in the 19th century.


3 NahumNahum lived about 2600 years ago. He was a native of Elkosh (about 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem).

The Book of Nahum is short in length and consists almost entirely of a prophecy of Nineveh’s destruction.

It is believed that Nahum wrote his book about two years before Nineveh was destroyed in 612 BC.

Nineveh at that time was the capital of the Assyrian Empire, which was one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world. The Assyrians conquered the kingdom of Israel in about 722 B.C., about 2700 years ago. The conquest was as ruthless and cruel as it was devastating.

Nahum explains that because of Assyria’s pride and cruelty in their destruction of Israel, and because of their idolatry, treachery, superstition, and injustice, their empire would be destroyed as punishment.

In 612 B.C., a coalition of Babylonians, Scythians and Medes conquered Nineveh.

Although we do not know exactly when the book of Nahum was written, we do know that it contains some long-term prophecies that we can see as being fulfilled even today.

For example, Nahum said that Nineveh’s destruction would be final, and that the city would never again regain the greatness that it once had, and that Nineveh would never again be able to cause problems for Israel.

Elkosh and the Ninevah Plain

As we can see today, Nahum was right. Nineveh was never again a world power. And today, it is little more than an archaeological site. In contrast, Israel is again a nation, and a relatively prosperous one at that.

God’s holiness, justice and power are the foundation of the Nahum’s prophetic book. God rules over all the earth, even over those who do not acknowledge Him.

Along with Nahum’s writings about the destruction of Nineveh, there is also a message of hope that shines through.

God is slow to anger (Nah 1:3) and good (Nah 1:7) and offers good tidings to those who want His blessings (Nah 1:15).

Nahum means “Comforted.” His book is the seventh of the twelve minor prophets.

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