Summary of Matthew
Stained glass depiction of St. Matthew at St. Matthew’s German Evangelical Lutheran Church in Charleston, South Carolina.
The book of Matthew is a Gospel that contains Narrative History, Genealogy, Parables, Sermons, and some Prophetic Oracles.
It was written by Matthew (Levi), the Disciple of Christ around 48-50 A.D.
The key word in Matthew is “Kingdom” and is used 28 times.
The personalities of this book include the Messiah Jesus Christ, His parents Mary and Joseph, the Twelve Disciples, the prophet John the Baptist, and other kinds of leaders. These leaders include those in government like Pilate and religious leaders such as the Pharisees (who attempt to hinder the work of Jesus).
The book of Matthew is the first of the synoptic gospels and it was written to reveal the Lord Jesus as the Messiah, the King of the Jews, from the line of David.
It also was written to convince the Jews that Jesus Christ was indeed their long-awaited Messiah.
Chapters 1-4 – in Matthew mainly deal with the miracle birth of Jesus and the events surrounding His early life. This primarily involves the commonly told Christmas story but also includes the genealogy of Jesus, which goes all the way back to Abraham.
“And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins (Matt 1:21).
Chapters 5-25 – consists of the ministry of Jesus from the interdiction of John the Baptist up to the point of His death at Calvary. These chapters are vital to our knowledge of Jesus Christ and are much of what we know about God living as a perfect man on Earth.
These passages include Jesus’ famous Sermon on the Mount, numerous miracles, and priceless teachings to all who would listen and follow.
Chapters 26-28 – contains the death and resurrection of Jesus. These chapters present the truth of the “Good News” and about how Jesus took the sins of the world upon Himself. This is the central theme of salvation through faith alone in the complete and finished work of Christ Jesus on the cross.
Salvation is possible only through His death, His burial, and His resurrection from the dead, all for the sake of sinners. Numerous and amazing Old Testament prophecies are fulfilled frequently in these final chapters.
Some of these are His betrayal for thirty pieces of silver by Judas, crucifixion with two robbers, and those wagging their heads at Jesus while He was yet on the cross.
Matthew, the Person
Matthew was a tax collector before he was called by Jesus to be an apostle (Matt 9:9). Known formally as Levi, son of Alphaeus (Mk 2:14).
He wrote the first book of the New Testament. It is sometimes called the Gospel of Matthew or the book of Matthew. He gives a detailed account of the ancestors of Jesus, and about His birth through the Virgin Mary, and about the beginning of His public ministry in Chapters 1-4.
Matthew’s gospel includes a series of Jesus’ speeches, including:
Chapter 5-7 – the Sermon on the Mount.
Chapter 10 – the mission discourse.
Chapter 13 – the parables of the Kingdom.
Chapter 18 – the discourse on Christian living.
Chapter 23-25 – the final end time warnings.
Ten miracles by Jesus are recorded in Chapters 8 and 9.
Matthew’s work has been described as a textbook for Christian leaders. It is Gospel to announce the good news, a presentation of the virgin birth, ministry of teaching and healing, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.