Matthew 18 – The Greatest in the Kingdom & Julian the Apostate

Hands OutJesus was born in Bethlehem, raised in Nazareth, but when He began His ministry He lived in Capernaum.  What meant the most to Him was You and next was us because it’s us that means the most to You.

So let’s take a look at…

Matthew 18
The Greatest in the Kingdom

1 At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?1 2

2 And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them,

3 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

“As little children” – trusting and unpretentious.

4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven.

5 And whoso shall receive one such little child in my name receiveth me.

6 But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.

2 1“Millstone” – Lit. “a millstone of a donkey,” i.e., a millstone turned by a donkey – far larger and heavier than the small millstones (24:41) used by women each morning in their homes.

7 Woe unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!

8 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire.

18:8-9 – see note on 5:29-30.

9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.

10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.

“Their angles” – guardian angels not exclusively for children, but for God’s people in general (Ps 34:7, 91:11; Heb 1:14).

“Do always behold” – have constant access to God.

11 For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.

3 Be not forgetful
“Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angles unawares” (Heb 13:2).

12 How think ye? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the mountains, and seeketh that which is gone astray?

18:12-14 – the parable of the lost sheep is also found in Lk 15:3-7.  There it applies to unbelievers, here to believers.  Jesus used the same parable to teach different truths in different situations.

13 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine which went not astray.

14 Even so it is not the will of your Father which is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish.

15 Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.

“Brother” – a fellow believer.

16 But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

17 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as a heathen man and a publican.

“Heathen” – the majority of the Jews, or in the eyes of the Jews anyone that wasn’t Jewish.

18 Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

4 For we wrestle
“For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places” (Eph 6:12).

19 Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven.

20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

21 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?

22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven.

“Seventy times seven” – or “seventy-seven times.”  in either case the sense is “times without number” or “as many times as necessary.”  Just as God never gives up on us, we shouldn’t give hope on others.

23 Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants.

24 And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents.

25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.5 4

26 The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.

27 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt.

28 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest.

29 And his fellow servant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.

30 And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt.

31 So when his fellow servants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done.

6 3

32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me:

33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellow servant, even as I had pity on thee?

34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.

35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not everyone his brother their trespasses.

“Forgive” – if you don’t forgive people, God won’t forgive you.

7 Julian 1
Julian, also known as Julian the Apostate, as well as Julian the Philosopher, was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363 and a noted philosopher and Greek writer.

Julian the Apostate

When Emperor Constantine embraced Christianity in the early 4th century A.D., there were still many worshipers of other deities throughout the empire.

Paganism briefly regained official favor when Constantine’s nephew Julian (to the left) became emperor in 360. Although indoctrinated as a Christian, he renounced the faith, and so was called Julian the Apostate.

Christians suffered discrimination during his brief reign, but unlike earlier Roman rulers, he did not persecute them. Steeped in the classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome, Julian hoped to revive that tradition, but he died in 363 while campaigning in Persia and did not alter history.

Christianity reemerged as the official Roman religion and remained dominant around the Mediterranean until the rise of Islam.

…Houses in the Holy Land of the First Century A.D.: Peter’s House In Capernaum.

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