David was the youngest son of Jesse, the great-grandson of Matt 1:5, and was born in Bethlehem in the tribe of Judah.Boaz and Ruth (in the Book of Ruth and in the geology of Jesus in He was handpicked by God, anointed by Samuel(1 and 2 Samuel), and became Israel’s second and greatest king.
David was a shepherd in his early years, like Abel. After he killed the Philistine giant Goliath with a slingshot he joined the entourage of King Saul, Israel’s first king. Saul eventually became jealous of David’s popularity with the Israelites and tried to kill him several times. David and his followers had to flee and hide out from Saul, but with the defeat of the Israelites and the death of Saul at the hands of the Philistines, David was anointed King over Judah.
Later, David defeated Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, who was King of the Northern tribes of Israel. In his eighth year, David united all the tribes and became King of all Israel. He moved the capital to Jerusalem and brought the sacred Ark of the Covenant there.
Divide defeated the Philistines in two decisive battles, at Baal Perazima and at Rephaim, and the Philistines were no longer a serious threat to Israel. David the defeated Moab, Damascus, and Ammon, and they all became subjugated.
David committed adultery with Bathsheba and sent her husband, Uriah, to his death. For this God rebuked David through Nathan the prophet (2 Sam 12:1-18) and told David that murder will be a constant threat to his family from this time on. David’s first child by Bathsheba died seven days after birth. One of David’s sons, Absalom, killed his half-brother Amnon after Amnon raped Absalom’s sister Tamar.
David is noted for several things:
He initiated a cultural and literary revival which was continued by his son, King Solomon.
He undertook far-reaching reforms in national institutions and administration.
He began preparations for building a central sanctuary in Jerusalem (the first temple) and chose the site.
The worship of God became the official state religion and the priesthood was organized under the chief priests (these were not Catholics).
He also organized the army.
Because the prophets during the Old Testament times proclaimed that the Messiah would be a descendant of King David (Matt 2:5-6, Jn 7:42) people used the phrase “son of David” as a way to refer to the Messianic prophecy or to their homes that Jesus, the Messiah, would arrive during their lifetime.
Jesus is often called the “son of David.” A blind man named Bartimaeus referred to Jesus by that title in Mark 10:46-52 shortly before Jesus healed him and restored his sight. Note that the man was blind but he knew who Jesus was.
God hates sin (Ps 97:10), but he doesn’t hate the sinner (Jn 3:16). Yet, those that continue to sin, i.e., commit iniquity, the Lord will hate in the end. No matter what David did God still loved David because He knew where David’s heart was, He knew that David loved Him (1 Sam 13:14, Acts 13:22) because He looks at our hearts, not just our actions (1 Sam 16:7). We all sin (Rom 3:23), but if we sin even though we don’t want to because we love God then even though God will chastise us (Heb 12:4-14) we are forgiven (Rom 5:8, Jn 3:16), Paul explains this in Roman 7:15-25 & 8:1. Yet, if you sin willfully, in spite of God, then it’s a different story (Heb 10:26-27).
The story of David is found 1 Samuel 16 to 2 Samuel to 1 Kings 2:10.