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Acts 3 –The Healing of the Lame Man & Athens – Timline

Finger Pointing UpNow that we have basically covered the history of Athens, let’s see how it’s looking…

Acts 3
The Healing of the Lame Man

1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour.

1 In the Acts
In the Acts of the Apostles, a lame man was begging outside the Temple of Jerusalem. Seeing Peter and John, he asked them for money, but instead they healed him.

The Jews can be recognized by their covered heads. The gate where the blind man was begging was called “The Beautiful,” and the unknown artist depicted it as a splendid structure with fluted Corinthian columns. The plaque was probably set into a chest or casket.

2 And a certain man lame from his mother’s womb was carried, whom they laid daily at the gate of the temple which is called Beautiful, to ask alms of them that entered into the temple;

3 Who seeing Peter and John about to go into the temple asked an alms.

4 And Peter, fastening his eyes upon him with John, said, Look on us.

5 And he gave heed unto them, expecting to receive something of them.

6 Then Peter said, Silver and gold have I none; but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk.

7 And he took him by the right hand, and lifted him up: and immediately his feet and ankle bones received strength.

8 And he leaping up stood, and walked, and entered with them into the temple, walking, and leaping, and praising God.

9 And all the people saw him walking and praising God:

10 And they knew that it was he which sat for alms at the Beautiful gate of the temple: and they were filled with wonder and amazement at that which had happened unto him.

2 The Triple Gate
The Triple Gate led visitors under the Temple Mount through a decorated tunnel beneath the Royal Stoa on the south end of Solomon’s Colonnade, then to a stairway which took worshippers up to the outer courtyard of the Temple Mount.

To the left (west) side of the first gate of the three, decorative rock carvings in the door jamb can still be seen on the ashlar stone that was part of the Triple Gate or Beautiful Gate. The highly decorated stones may be the reason it was called “The Beautiful Gate.” Jesus and the apostles would have surely walked through this gate that led up to the outer courts and Solomon’s Porch, where the early church in Jerusalem met daily.

11 And as the lame man which was healed held Peter and John, all the people ran together unto them in the porch that is called Solomon’s, greatly wondering.

12 And when Peter saw it, he answered unto the people, Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this? or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by our own power or holiness we had made this man to walk?

13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let him go.

14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you;

15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.

16 And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.

17 And now, brethren, I wot that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers.

18 But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.

19 Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;

3 David purchased
David purchased the threshing floor north of the City of David from Araunah the Jebusite for 50 shekels of silver (2 Sam 24:24) and paid 600 shekels of gold for the entire site of Mount Moriah (1 Chr 21:25).

These became the site of Solomon’s Temple. Solomon built the Temple that would sit on a square Temple Mount platform on Mount Moriah.

20 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:

21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

22 For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

3:22-26 – “Raised up…raised up” – Christ is the fulfillment of prophecies made relative to Moses, David and Abraham.  He was to be a prophet like Moses, He was foretold in Samuel’s declarations concerning David, and He was to bring blessing to all people as promised to Abraham.

23 And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.

24 Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days.

25 Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.

26 Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.

Athens – Timeline

3 David purchased

c. 7000 B.C. – 5000 B.C.

Earliest known human habitation on the Acropolis and around the Agora of Athens.

 

 

5 Mycenaean Period

c. 1550 B.C. – c. 1100 B.C.

Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.

 

 

 

 

 

c. 1100 B.C. – c. 600 B.C.

Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.

683 B.C. – 682 B.C.

List of annual archons at Athens begins.

c. 624 B.C.

Drakon codifies Athenian law.

6 The Dionysia600 B.C. – 550 B.C.

The Dionysia becomes a major Athenian festival in honor of Dionysos.

 

 

7 Attic black figure600 B.C. – 480 B.C.

Attic black-figure pottery dominates the Greek ceramic market.

 

 

 

594 B.C. – 593 B.C.

In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.

c. 560 B.C.

Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.

8 Pisistratus landsc. 546 B.C.

Pisistratus lands his Argive mercenary force at Marathon and with victory at Pallene establishes himself once again as tyrant of Athens.

 

c. 540 B.C.

9 Athens removes and prohibits

Athens removes and prohibits further burials on Delos to purify the sacred island.

c. 525 B.C. – c. 456 B.C.

Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.

514 B.C.

Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.

514 B.C.

The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton – the ‘tyrannicides’.

c. 508 B.C.

Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.

507 B.C.

Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.

c. 496 B.C. – c. 406 B.C.10 Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles

Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.

 

 

 

 

 

c. 495 B.C.11 Birth of Pericles.

Birth of Pericles.

 

 

 

 

 

493 B.C.

The first fortifications are constructed at Athens’ port of Piraeus.

12 Athens builds a treasury490 B.C.

Athens builds a treasury at Delphi following their victory at Marathon against Persia.

 

 

490 B.C. – 480 B.C.13 A 1.4 m tall Iris

A 1.4 m tall Iris or Nike sculpture is erected on the acropolis of Athens in memory of the general Kallimachos, killed in the battle of Marathon.

 

11 Sep 490 B.C.

A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.

487 B.C. – 486 B.C.

Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.

c. 484 B.C. – 407 B.C.

Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.

14 Themistocles482 B.C.

Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.

 

480 B.C.

Sack of Athens by the Persians under Xerxes. The Agora is destroyed.

480 B.C.

The fortifications of Piraeus instigated by Themistocles are completed.

Aug 480 B.C.

The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.

479 B.C.

Xerxes’ Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia’s imperial ambitions in Greece.

15 The treasury of the Delian478 B.C. – 454 B.C.

The treasury of the Delian League is kept on Delos until its removal to Athens.

 

478 B.C. – 404 B.C.

The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.

470 B.C.

Statue group of Harmodius and Aristogiton in Athens.

16 Life of Socratesc. 469 B.C. – 399 B.C.

Life of Socrates.

 

 

 

 

 

17 Construction of the Long

c. 465 B.C.

Construction of the Long Walls fortifications joining Athens to the port of Piraeus are begun.

 

462 B.C. – 461 B.C.

Radicalisation of democracy in Athens; Cimon exiled, Pericles comes to exercise influence.

c. 462 B.C. – 458 B.C.

Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.

461 B.C. – 429 B.C.

Pericles is ruler of Athens.

18 First Peloponnesian War460 B.C. – 445 B.C.

First Peloponnesian War.

 

 

 

 

19 The Age of Pericles460 B.C. – 429 B.C.

The Age of Pericles. Athenian Agora is rebuilt, construction of Parthenon.

 

c. 460 B.C. – 403 B.C.

Life of Critias, one of the Thirty Tyrants of Athens.

20 Life of Greekc. 460 B.C. – c. 380 B.C.

Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.

 

 

457 B.C.

Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.

21 Sparta wins

457 B.C.

Sparta wins the battle of Tanagra during the 1st Peloponnesian War with Athens.

 

 

454 B.C.

The Athenians move the treasury of the Delian League from Delos to Athens.

22 Pericles erects453 B.C.

Pericles erects trophy at Nemea after Athenian victory over the Sikyonians.

 

 

c. 451 B.C. – c. 403 CE

Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.

23 The Hephaisteion449 B.C.

The Hephaisteion, temple to Athena & Hephaistos, built in Athens.

 

 

447 B.C. – 432 B.C.

The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.

24 Construction of the Acropolis28 Jul 447 B.C.

Construction of the Acropolis of Athens begins under Pericles’ leadership.

 

 

446 B.C.

The Middle Wall fortifications are added to the Long Walls which connect Athens and the port of Piraeus.

25 Thurii in Magnac. 443 B.C.

Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.

 

 

 

438 B.C.

The cult statue of Athena Parthenos is dedicated in the Parthenon of Athens.

c. 437 B.C. – 431 B.C.

The Propylaea is constructed on the acropolis of Athens under the supervision of Mnesicles.

433 B.C.

Alliance between Athens and Corcyra.

433 B.C.

A naval battle between the victorious combined forces of Corcyra and Athens against Corinth.

21 Sparta wins432 B.C.

Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.

 

 

431 B.C.

Athens invades Megara.

431 B.C. – 404 B.C.

The Peloponnesian Wars which leave Athens defeated and the Agora damaged.

27 The 2nd Peloponnesian War431 B.C. – 404 B.C.

The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.

 

430 B.C.

The plague decimates Athens.

430 B.C. – c. 354 B.C.

Life of Xenophon of Athens.

429 B.C.

Athens successfully campaigns in the Corinthian Gulf regions during the Peloponnesian War.

429 B.C.

Following attacks by Sparta, fortifications at the port of Piraeus are extended to reduce the width of the harbor entrances.

28 Life of Plato427 B.C. – 347 B.C.

Life of Plato.

 

 

 

 

 

 

425 B.C.

Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes’ command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.

c. 425 B.C. – c. 420 B.C.

The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens.

424 B.C.

A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.

424 B.C.

The Athenian expeditions against Megara and Boeotia are a failure with a particularly heavy defeat near Delion.

422 B.C.

Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis.

29 The Erechtheion of Athens421 B.C. – 406 B.C.

The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.

 

 

30 The Histories of Herodotusc. 415 B.C.

The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.

 

31 Alcibiadesc. 415 B.C.

Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.

 

 

 

 

 

32 Athenian expedition415 B.C. – 413 B.C.

Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.

 

 

33 The Athenian expedition414 B.C.

The Athenian expedition in Sicily ends in disastrous defeat and the Athenian generals Nikias and Demosthenes are executed.

 

34 Athens constructs fortifications414 B.C.

Athens constructs fortifications at Sounion.

 

 

413 B.C.

On the advice of Alcibiades the Spartans take over the Athenian-held fort of Dekeleia.

411 B.C.

The oligarchy of the 400 take over the democracy in Athens and in a matter of months is replaced by an oligarchy of 5000.

410 B.C.

Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.

c. 407 B.C.

Alcibiades returns to Athens in triumph and is made strategos autokrater.

406 B.C.

The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.

404 B.C.

End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.

404 B.C.

Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeusdestroying parts of the Long Wall fortifications.

403 B.C.

Restoration of the democracy in Athens, death of the tyrant Critias.

395 B.C. – 386 B.C.

The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.

390 B.C.

Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.

387 B.C.

Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus.

35 Life of Aristotle384 B.C. – 322 B.C.

Life of Aristotle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

380 B.C.

Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.

362 B.C.

Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.

c. 354 B.C.

Xenophon dies at Athens or Corinth.

36 The Battle of Charonea338 B.C.

The Battle of Charonea gives Athens to the Macedonian victors. Agora takes on Macedonian characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

338 B.C.

Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.

307 B.C.

Democracy is restored in Athens.

37 Rome gives dominion166 B.C.

Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.

 

 

 

 

166 B.C.

Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.

38 King Attalos II159 B.C. – 138 B.C.

King Attalos II of Pergamon builds the great Stoa in the Agora of Athens.

 

86 B.C.

The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.

86 B.C.

Siege of Athens by the Roman general Sulla. Agora is destroyed.

39 Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian117 CE – 138 CE

Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who supports great building projects in and around the Agora of Athens.

 

 

 

 

 

40 The Goths sack Athens267 CE

The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.

 

 

41 Agora of Athens267 CE

Agora of Athens burned by invading Herulians.

…today.

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