John 21 – The Appearance Beside the Sea & Ten (21-30) More Quotes About Jesus

This is the last chapter of the Book of John, so tomorrow we’ll start…

John 21
The Appearance Beside the Sea

1 After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise shewed he himself.

The Colosseum in Rome, Italy
Ancient Roman architecture adopted certain aspects of Ancient Greek architecture, creating a new architectural style.

The Romans were indebted to their Etruscan neighbors and forefathers who supplied them with a wealth of knowledge essential for future architectural solutions, such as hydraulics in the construction of arches. Later they absorbed Greek and Phoenician influence, apparent in many aspects closely related to architecture; for example, this can be seen in the introduction and use of the Triclinium in Roman villas as a place and manner of dining.

Roman architecture flourished throughout the Empire during the Pax Romana.
Roman Architecture covers the period from the establishment of the Roman Republic, supposedly in 509BC, to about the 4th century, after which it becomes Late Antique or Byzantine architecture.

Most of the many survivals are from the later imperial period. Roman architectural style continued to influence building in the former empire for many centuries, and the style beginning in Western Europe about 1000 is called Romanesque architecture to reflect this dependence on basic Roman forms.

2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.

3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.

4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.

5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.

7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher’s coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.

8 And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes.

9 As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.

10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.

11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.

12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.

13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.

The Roman Forum

14 This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead.

15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not.

Rome Today
Rome is a city and special comune (named “Roma Capitale”) in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the homonymous province and of the region of Lazio.

With 2.7 million residents in 496.3 sq mi, it is also the country’s largest and most populated commune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits.

The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million. Between 3.2 and 4.2 million people live in Rome metropolitan area. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within Lazio (Latium). Rome is the only city in the world to contain in its interior a whole state; the enclave of Vatican City.

19 This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.

20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?

21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?

21:15-17 – “Love” – (remember the Bible was not written in English, but parts in Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic).  The Greek word for “love” in Jesus’ first two questions is different from the word of “love” in His third question, which is the same word Peter uses in all three answers.

It is uncertain whether a distinction in meaning is intended since John often made slight word variations, apparently for stylistic reasons.  Also, no distinction is made between these two words elsewhere in this Gospel. 

In this passage, however, they occur together, and the variations seem to deliberate to be explained on stylistc grounds.  The “love” in Jesus’ first two questions (agapao) refers to a love in which the entire personality, including the will, is involved.

The “love” in Jesus’ third question and in Peter’s answers (phileo) refers to spontaneous natural affection or fondness in which emption plays a more prominent role than will.

The neoclassical Piazza della Repubblica.

Whatever interpretation is adopted, the important thing is that in no serious a  matter as the reinstatement of Peter, the great question was whether he loved Jesus.

Peter had been restored privately and personally (Lk 24:34; 1 Cor 15:5), but now it is to be a public matter.  He had disowned Christ in public three times.  Now he must own Christ three times in front of the other disciples. 

22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.

23 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

24 This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.

25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.

Ten (21-30) More Quotes About Jesus 

 “Know Jesus, know peace. No Jesus, No peace.” 
― Found on car bumper  

“The way of Jesus cannot be imposed or mapped — it requires an active participation in following Jesus as he leads us through sometimes strange and unfamiliar territory, in circumstances that become clear only in the hesitations and questionings, in the pauses and reflections where we engage in prayerful conversation with one another and with him.” 
― Eugene H. Peterson 

  “Is prayer your steering wheel or your spare tire?” 
― Corrie Ten Boom







“I couldn’t get Him out of my head. Still can’t. I spent three solid days thinking about Him. The more He bothered me, the less I could forget Him. And the more I learned about Him, the less I wanted to leave Him.” 
― Yann Martel  


“The Bible is the story of two gardens: Eden and Gethsemane. In the first, Adam took a fall. In the second, Jesus took a stand. In the first, God sought Adam. In the second, Jesus sought God. In Eden, Adam hid from God. In Gethsemane, Jesus emerged from the tomb. In Eden, Satan led Adam to a tree that led to his death. From Gethsemane, Jesus went to a tree that led to our life.” 
― Max Lucado 


  “For those who feel their lives are a grave disappointment to God, it requires enormous trust and reckless, raging confidence to accept that the love of Jesus Christ knows no shadow of alteration or change.

When Jesus said, “Come to me, all you who labor and are heavy burdened,” He assumed we would grow weary, discouraged, and disheartened along the way. These words are a touching testimony to the genuine humanness of Jesus. 

He had no romantic notion of the cost of discipleship. He knew that following Him was as unsentimental as duty, as demanding as love.” 
― Brennan Manning 


Jesus was saying that you can’t have a larger life with restricted attitudes.” 
― Joel Osteen 






“To ignore, repress, or dismiss our feelings is to fail to listen to the stirrings of the Spirit within our emotional life. Jesus listened. In John’s Gospel we are told that Jesus was moved with the deepest emotions (11:33)… 

The gospel portrait of the beloved Child of Abba is that of a man exquisitely attuned to His emotions and uninhibited in expressing them. The Son of Man did not scorn of reject feelings as fickle and unreliable. 

They were sensitive antennae to which He listened carefully and through which He perceived the will of His Father for congruent speech and action.” 
Brennan Manning 


“For some reason, the most vocal Christians among us never mention the Beatitudes (Matthew 5). But, often with tears in their eyes, the demand that the Ten Commandments be posted in public buildings. 

And of course, that’s Moses, not Jesus. I haven’t heard one of them demand that the Sermon on the Mount, the Beatitudes, be posted anywhere.

“Blessed are the merciful” in a courtroom? “Blessed are the peacemakers” in the Pentagon? Give me a break!” 
– Kurt Vonnegut  


“Jesus’s resurrection is the beginning of God’s new project not to snatch people away from earth to heaven but to colonize earth with the life of heaven. That, after all, is what the Lord’s Prayer is about.” 
-N.T. Wright

…the Book of Acts.

John 20 – The Resurrection of Jesus & The Resurrection of Jesus

I have seen within myself what Jesus can do.  He changed my heart. 

Jesus didn’t give me wealth, or control, or special powers or anything of the sort.  Jesus gave me “LIFE” and a promise that He’s coming back.

Tomorrow we’ll close the Book of John with some more…

John 20
The Resurrection of Jesus

The use of a wreath around the Chi Rho symbolizes the victory of the Resurrection over death, and is an early visual representations of the connection between the Crucifixion of Jesus and his triumphal resurrection, as seen in the 4th century sarcophagus of Domitilla in Rome.

1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher.

2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulcher, and we know not where they have laid him.

3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulcher.

4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulcher.

5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.

6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulcher, and seeth the linen clothes lie,

7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.

8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulcher, and he saw, and believed.

9 For as yet they knew not the scripture that he must rise again from the dead.

10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.

Stained glass of Resurrection with two Marys at a Lutheran Church, South Carolina.

11 But Mary stood without at the sepulcher weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulcher,

12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

 13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.

14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.

15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.

16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.

“For I am not yet ascended” – the meaning appears to be that the ascension was still some time off.  Mary would have opportunity to see Jesus again, so she need not cling to Him.

Alternatively, Jesus may be reminding Mary that after His crucifixion she couldn’t have Him with her except through the Holy Ghost.

A rotunda in Church of the Holy Sepulchre, called the Anastasis (“Resurrection”), which contains the remains of a rock-cut room that Helena and Macarius identified as the burial site of Jesus.

18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.

19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.

22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:

23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

Lit. “Those whose sins you forgive have already been forgiven; those whose sins you do not forgive had not been forgiven.”  God doesn’t forgive people’s sins because we do so, nor does He withhold forgiveness because we do. 

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, also called the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, or the Church of the Resurrection by Eastern Christians, is a church within the Christian Quarter of the walled Old City of Jerusalem. It is a few steps away from the Muristan.

Rather, those who proclaim the gospel are in effect forgiving or not forgiving sins, depending on whether the hearers accent or reject Jesus Christ.

24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.

25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.

26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.

27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

“They that have not seen, and yet have believed” – would have been very few at this time.  All whom John mentions had seen in some sense.  The words, of course, apply to future believers as well.

30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:

31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

The Resurrection of Jesus
Quick Explanation of
“Fear the Lord your God” (Deut 6:13)

Every day more and more people are taking a look – for some, a 2nd look – at the historical person of Jesus.

The Apostle Paul wrote that “Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures” (1 Cor 15:3-4)

Thus the death and resurrection of Christ were proclaimed as belonging together at the very heart of the gospel, forcefully placing “the full weight of faith on both the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ” by stating, “if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith”(1 Cor 15:14)

In fact, Paul further claims that belief in the death and resurrection of Jesus is so central to salvation that “if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins. Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost. If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied. [1 Cor. 15:17).

Many wonder why Jesus Christ has been studied so extensively, has been studied more than any other person?  The answer is simple, Jesus was not just a man, He is also God (Jn 1:14; 1 Tim 3:16).

When we hear the word, “God” a subliminal flag is automatically triggered and the message that enters the mind is “Fear!”

Four different types of fear:

1.Believer without a personal relationship with Jesus – fear as we understand the definition of it does not register with this person and he or she doesn’t understand why God tells us to fear Him (Deut 6:13; Prov 1:7, 8:13; Matt 10:28; etc.) because they are not afraid. 

That message “Fear” is still in their mind and because they want to do right for God they cannot help but wonder why they are not afraid.  It would be like putting a paintbrush into a can of blue paint and painting the wall, but the color on the wall is not blue.

Yet, as the believer spends more time with Jesus a personal relationship begins to form and slowly the wall starts to become blue.

2.Believer with a personal relationship with Jesus – the fear he or she has is not fear as we understand it, it is absolute awe; a complete feeling of protection that is a wonderful feeling, but also frightening.

3.Non-believer – nothing registers with them, not even the subliminal message because they are to ignorant to read.

4.The fool – this is the person that had been a believer and decided to that they preferred to be a part of the world.  They live in total fear because they know how truly powerful God is.  They are not only afraid of their own shadow, but their shadow is too.

Explaining Evidence
and Meaning of the Resurrection

Women at the empty tomb, by Fra Angelico, 1437-1446.

To begin with, everything about Jesus was unique: The prophecies of His coming. His birth. His life. His teachings. His miracles. His death. And especially His resurrection.

It is history’s most significant event.

The validity of Jesus’ claims about Himself rests on the Resurrection.

Many skeptics say that to believe in a risen Christ is nothing more than a blind leap of faith with little or no basis in truth.

When confronted with the facts, however, those who are intellectually honest have been forced to admit that the Resurrection is a historical event based on irrefutable proofs.

Evidence for the Resurrection

1.Christ predicted His resurrection.

Icon depicting the Emperor Constantine, accompanied by the bishops of the First Council of Nicaea (325), holding the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed of 381.

“From that time Jesus forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised against the third day” (Matt 16:21).

Even though His followers did not understand what He was telling them at the time, they remembered His words and recorded them.

2.Jesus made numerous appearances to His followers. He comforted the mourners outside His tomb on Sunday morning. On the road to Emmaus, He explained things about Himself from the Old Testament. Later, He ate in their presence and invited them to touch Him.

Scripture records that Jesus was seen by more than 500 at one time. Some may argue that a few people could have agreed to a deception, but how can one explain the collaboration of 500 people?

3.The disciples who were once so afraid that they deserted their Lord now courageously proclaimed this news, risking their lives to preach. Their bold and courageous behavior does not make sense unless they knew with absolute certainty that Jesus had been raised from the dead.

4.The growth of the Christian church confirms the Resurrection. Peter’s first sermon, which dealt with Christ’s resurrection, stirred people to receive Him as their living Savior.

‘Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls’ (Acts 2:41).

The Shroud of Turin is a centuries old linen cloth that bears the image of a crucified man. A man that millions believe to be Jesus of Nazareth. Is it really the cloth that wrapped his crucified body, or is it simply a medieval forgery, a hoax perpetrated by some clever artist?

Modern science has completed hundreds of thousands of hours of detailed study and intense research on the Shroud. It is, in fact, the single most studied artifact in human history, and we know more about it today than we ever have before. And yet, the controversy still rages.

And that group of believers has multiplied until now it reaches around the world. Today, there are hundreds of millions of believers, but there are more non-believers in the world.

5.The testimony of hundreds of millions of transformed lives through the centuries shows the power of the Resurrection. Many have been delivered from addictions. The destitute and despairing have found hope.

Broken marriages have been restored. The most conclusive proof for the resurrection of Jesus Christ is that He is living within believers today in all of His resurrected life and transforming power.


The resurrection of Jesus Christ ranks as history’s most revolutionary event.

One cannot deny that He shook the world in His day.  He was just a single man but the world feared Him to the point that they executed Him.

His life, His being, has shaped the course of history.

The Resurrection is the final proof that Jesus Christ is who He claimed to be and if He would not have died and rose for us we would have no salvation.

Only the wise “Fear God!”

…ten more quotes about Jesus.

John 19 – Jesus Crowned with Thorns & The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Most people have heard of the Seven Wonders of the World, but how many have heard about the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World noted below?  There are other Wonders of the World also,  which we will get to in the Book of Acts.

Christ Carrying the Cross as portrayed by El Greco, 1580.
In Christianity, the crown of thorns was woven of thorn branches and placed on Jesus Christ during the events leading up to the his crucifixion.

It was one of the instruments of the Passion, employed by Jesus’ captors both to cause him pain and to mock his claim of authority. It is mentioned in the Canonical gospels of Matt (27:29), Mk (15:17), and Jn (19:2, 5) and is often alluded to by the early Church Fathers, such as Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and others.

In later centuries, relics believed by many to be all or part of the Crown of Thorns have been venerated.

Tomorrow we are going review…

John 19
Jesus Crowned with Thorns

1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,

3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.

5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!

6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.

“Take ye him, and crucify him” – the petulant utterance of an exasperated man, for the Jews couldn’t carry out this form of execution, they needed Governor Pilate to order it.

7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.

8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid;

“The more afraid” – Pilate was evidently superstition and this charge frightened him.  Besides, his wife warned him not to crucify Jesus because she had been troubled over a dream she had (Matt 27:19).

9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?

11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

“The greater sin” – that of Caiaphas (not Judas, who was only a means).  But “greater” implies that there was a lesser sin, so Pilate’s sin was also real.

12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.

13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.

The crown of thorns of Jesus Christ was bought by Louis IX from Baldwin II. It is preserved today in Notre Dame de Paris.

17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:

18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.

19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.

20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.

21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.

22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.

24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.

25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

Pontius Pilatus, known in the English-speaking world as Pontius Pilate, was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, from AD 26–36. He is best known as the judge at the trial of Jesus and the man who authorized the crucifixion of Jesus.

26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!

27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

“Vinegar” – equivalent cheap wine, the drink of ordinary people.

30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

“It is finished” – apparently the loud cry of Matt 27:50; Mk 15:37.  Jesus died as a victor and had completed what He came to do.

“Gave up the ghost” – it usually takes a couple days to die by crucifixion, it took Jesus three hours because He decided when to die.  No person can do that.

31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Pontius Pilate’s wife is unnamed in the New Testament, where she appears a single time in the Gospel of Matthew. In later Christian tradition, she is known variously as Saint Procula (also spelled Proculla or Procla), Saint Claudia, Claudia Procles or Claudia Procula.

Christian literature and legends have amplified the brief anecdote about Pilate’s wife in the New Testament.

“Legs might be broken” – to hasten death, because the victim then could not put any weight on his legs and breathing would be difficult.

32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.

33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:

34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

“Pierced his side” – probably to make doubly sure that Jesus was dead, but perhaps simply an act of brutality (see v. 37; Is 53:5; Zech 12:10; cf. Ps 22:16).

35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.

36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.

19:36-37 – “Scripture” – John observes God’s overruling in the fulfillment of Scripture.  It was extraordinary that Jesus was the only one of the three whose legs weren’t broken and that He suffered an unusual spear thrust that didn’t break a bone.  God controls all actions.

37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.

“Joseph” – a rich disciples (Matt 27:57), and a member of the San Hedrin who had not agreed to Jesus’ condemnation (Lk 23:51).

39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.

“A hundred pound weight” – a very large amount, such as was used in royal burials.

40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulcher, wherein was never man yet laid.

42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the sepulcher was nigh at hand.

The Seven wonders of the Ancient World

On the ancient island of Pharos, now a promontory within the city of Alexandria in Egypt

There are many listed Wonders of the World, most of them are forgotten, and some new discovered wonders of the world.

Most of this Wonders of the World, are strange and weird to other countries, that made them so curious to see and experience the beautiful natural nature or man-made scenery. Here are some lists of the Wonders of the world. Today we will start wwith the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Of the six vanished Wonders, the Lighthouse of Alexandria was the last to disappear, although the Lighthouse of Alexandria did not survive to the present day, it left its influence in various respects.

The earliest lists had the Ishtar Gates the seventh wonder of the world instead of the Lighthouse of Alexandria.  In the Middle Ages, the list known today was compiled in the by which time many of the sites were no longer in existence.

Today, the only ancient world wonder that still exists is the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt.  Other Seven Ancient Wonders that do not exist are, Hanging Garden of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and Colossus of Rhodes.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus (scale model in Turkey)

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 B.C. at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, who was both his wife and his sister.

The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene.

The Mausoleum was approximately 148 feet in height, and the four sides were adorned with sculptural reliefs, each created by one of four Greek sculptors — Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus.

The finished structure of the mausoleum was considered to be such an aesthetic triumph that Antipater of Sidon identified it as one of his Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The word mausoleum has now come to be used generically for an above-ground tomb.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus site in ruins, as it is today

Ishtar Gate

The Ishtar Gate  was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon. It was constructed in about 575 B.C. by order of King Nebuchadnezzar II on the north side of the city.

Dedicated to the Babylonian goddess Ishtar, the gate was constructed using glazed brick with alternating rows of bas-relief mušḫuššu (dragons) andaurochs.

The roof and doors of the gate were of cedar, according to the dedication plaque. Through the gate ran the Processional Way, which was lined with walls covered in lions on glazed bricks (about 120 of them).

Ishtar gate – Remains in 1930

Ishtar Gate depicts only gods and goddesses which include Ishtar Adad and Marduk. Statues of the deities were paraded through the gate and down the Processional Way each year during the New Year’s celebration.

Originally the gate, being part of the Walls of Babylon, was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the world until it was replaced by the Lighthouse of Alexandria; in the 3rd century B.C.

Temple of Artemis

Ishtar Gate Babylon, Iraq (replica ) in 2011

The Temple of Artemis, also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis and was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

It was located in Ephesus (near the modern town of Selçuk in present-day Turkey), and was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction in 401. Only foundations and sculptural fragments of the latest of the temples at the site remain.

The first sanctuary (temenos) antedated the Ionic immigration by many years, and dates to the Bronze Age. Callimachus, in his Hymn to Artemis, attributed it to the Amazons. In the 7th century B.C., the old temple was destroyed by a flood.

Temple of Artemis

Its reconstruction began around 550 BC, under the Cretan architect Chersiphron and his son Metagenes, at the expense of Croesus of Lydia: the project took 10 years to complete, only to be destroyed in an act of arson by Herostratus. It was later rebuilt.

…the Resurrection of Jesus.

Temple of Artemis site of today

John 18 – Jesus Betrayal and Arrest & Once Majestic Cities That Sank Beneath The Ocean

No telling what is at the bottom of the ocean, below are a few things found.

Tomorrow we’ll look at…

John 18
Jesus Betrayal and Arrest

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.

The Capture of Christ by Fra Angelico, c. 1440, depicting Judas and Peter, cutting the ear of the Malchu
s, the servant of Caiaphas.

Remember, even though Jesus was God, He was also a man and He had our weaknesses, not our sins, but our weaknesses.

He asked the Father if He had to go through with the crucifixion? (Lk 22:42).
Who would want to go throu
gh what Jesus went through?

“The brook Cedron” – east of Jerusalem and dry except during the rainy season.

2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.

3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

“Officers from the chief priests and Pharisees” – equivalent to the temple guard sent by the Sanhedrin.

“Lanterns” – These were not Coleman, but terracotta holders which household lamps could be inserted.

“Torches” – resinous pieces of wood fastened together.

4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

“Knowing all things that should come upon him” – Jesus wasn’t taken by surprise.

5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:

The Brook of Cedron.
So called from Kedar, black, dark, gloomy.

This was the memorable brook over which the great Redeemer passed, to enter the garden of Gethsemane, the night before his sufferings and death. Here, indeed, Jesus often walked, for he loved the sacred haunts of that hallowed ground, where he knew his last agony, in the conflicts with Satan, was to take place. (John 18:1-2)

The brook itself lay in a valley to the east of the city, between Jerusalem and the mount of Olives; and it emptied itself in the dead Sea.

9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.

11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

“The cup” – often points to suffering (Ps 75:8; Eze 23:31-34) and the wrath of God (Is 51:17, 22; Jer 25:15; Rev 14:10, 16:19).

12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

“Annas” – had been deposed with the high priesthood by the Romans in 15 A.D. but was probably still regarded by many as the true high priest.  In Jewish law a man couldn’t be sentenced on the day his trial was held.

The two examinations – this one and that before Caiaphas – may have been conducted to give some form of legitimacy to what was done.

14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.

Kidron Valley
The Kidron Valley (classical transliteration, Cedron, from Hebrew: נחל קדרון‎, Naḥal Qidron; also Qidron Valley; Arabic: وادي الجوز‎, Wadi al-Joz) is the valley on the eastern side of The Old City of Jerusalem, separating the Temple Mount from the Mount of Olives.

It continues east through the Judean Desert, towards the Dead Sea, descending 4000 feet along its 20 mile course. The settlement Kedar, located on a ridge above the valley, is named after it. The neighborhood of Wadi Al-Joz bears the valley’s Arabic name.

The Bible calls the Valley “Valley of Jehoshaphat – Emek Yehoshafat.” It appears in Jewish eschatologic prophecies, which include the return of Elijah, followed by the arrival of the Messiah, and the War of Gog and Magog and Judgment Day.

16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.

17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man’s disciples? He saith, I am not.

18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.

20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.

21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.

22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?

23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?

24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

The Old City of Jerusalem, as seen from across the Kidron Valley.

25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.

26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?

27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

“The hall of judgment” – the palace of the Roman governor, Pilate.  John says little about the Jewish phase of Jesus’ trial but much about the Roman trial.  It’s possible that John was in the Praetorium, the governor’s official residence, for this trial.

Lanterns are first spoken of by Theopompus, a Greek poet, and Empedocles of Agrigentum. Lanterns were used by the ancients in augury.

The only known representation of an ancient Egyptian lantern probably is not much different from those spoken of by John the Evangelist in John 18:3 from the New Testament, where the party of men who went out of Jerusalem to apprehend Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane is described as being provided “with lanterns and torches.” Lanterns in ancient China were made of silk, paper, or animal skin with frames made of bamboo or wood.

One of the earliest descriptions of paper lanterns is found in records from Khotan, which describe a “mounting lantern” made of white paper.

29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

“Take ye him” – in other words, no Roman charge, not Roman trial.

“Not lawful for us to put any man to death” – the Jews were looking for an execution, not a fair trial.  The restriction was important for otherwise Rome’s supporters could be quietly removed by local legal executions. 

Sometimes the Roman’s seem to have condoned local execution (e.g., of Stephen, Acts 7), but normally they retained the right to inflict the death penalty.

32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

Torch construction varies depending on its when it was constructed and for what purpose. Torches were usually constructed of a wooden stave with one end wrapped in a fabric which was soaked in a flammable substance.

Variations of this design have existed through history. In ancient Rome some torches were made of sulfur mixed with lime. This meant that the fire would not diminish after being plunged into water. Modern procession torches are made from coarse hessian rolled into a tube and soaked in wax.

There is usually a wooden handle and a cardboard collar to deflect any wax droplets. They are an easy, safe and relatively cheap way to hold a flame aloft in a parade, or to provide illumination in any after-dark celebration.

33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?

35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

“What is truth?” – Pilate may have been jesting, and meant, “What does truth matter?”  Yet, he didn’t want to crucify Jesus so he probably meant something like, “It isn’t easy to find truth, what is it?”

“Find in him no fault at all” – teaching the truth was not a criminal offense.

39 But ye have a custom that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

“Barabbas” – a rebel and a murderer (Lk 23:19). The name is Aramaic and means “son of Abba.”

Once Majestic Cities
That Sank Beneath The Ocean

No great metropolis stands forever. Eventually, every city falls. Some due to war, others to disaster. But the saddest and most poignant ruined cities might be the ones which have been swept under the ocean. Here are some of the most beautiful submerged cities. (Top image: Alexandria.)

Alexandria, Egypt, founded by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C.

Some of the most interesting sections of the magnificent city, including the palace quarter with Cleopatra’s Palace on the Island of Antirhodos and the old city of Rhakotis, were submerged by tidal waves and earthquakes more than 1200 years ago.

Heracleion (also known as Thonis), Egypt, founded in the 8th century B.C.

This ruin was discovered in 2000 by Team IEASM (Institut Européen D’Archéologie Sous-Marine). Before the foundation of Alexandria, it was the most important port of Egypt. And it was sunk in the 8th century.

Heracleion had the temple of Amun, which played an important role in rites associated with dynastic continuity

Canopus, in the eastern outskirts of modern-day Alexandria

First mentioned in the 6th century BC. Canopus was known for its sanctuaries of Osiris and Serapis. Discovered in 1933.

Mystical stone structures below the waters off Yonaguni Jima Island, Japan, discovered by a local diver in 1986

Is that a 5,000-year-old city sunk by an earthquake 2,000 years ago with an awesome monolithic, stepped pyramid — or just a natural sandstone structure?

 There are ruins of a castle, five temples, a triumphal arch and at least one large stadium, connected by roads and water channels, according to Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist at the University of the Ryukyus.

Saeftinghe (or Saaftinge), southwest Netherlands, now a swamp known as the Drowned Land of Saeftinghe 

The land around the town was lost in the All Saint’s Flood of 1570, and the city was sunk in 1584, during the Eighty Years’ War, where Dutch soldiers were forced to destroy the last intact dike around the town.

Port Royal, Jamaica, founded in 1518 and destroyed by an earthquake, a tsunami and fires in 1692.

 It was a popular spot for the English and Dutch sponsored privateers to spend their treasure in the 16th century, but later it turned to the main base of pirates. The earthquake of 1692 liquefied the sand, and lots of buildings slid into the water or simply sank straight down.

The city of Baiae (also known as Campania) and the Portus Julius, home port of the western Imperial Fleet, Bay of Naples, Italy, a popular resort for the ultra-wealthy in the last decades of the Roman Republic. It had a casino and a giant swimming pool, too.

Baiae was sacked by Muslim raiders in the 8th century, and was entirely deserted because of an epidemic of malaria around 1500. The most of the buildings are now under water, due to local volcanic activity.

Pavlopetri, Greece

The 5,000 years old city was discovered in 1967 by Nicholas Flemming, but the archeologist kept finding new buildings every year.

The Neolithic village of Atlit-Yam, off the coast of Atlit, Israel


This site, lies 25-40 feet beneath sea level dates at least between 6900 and 6300 BC. There are some rectangular houses, wells and a stone semicircle with seven megaliths, 1320 lb. each. Ten flexed burials have been discovered, including a woman and child who were the earliest known cases of MTB (tuberculosis).

Lion City (Shi Cheng) of Qingdao Lake, China

The city was flooded in 1959 to create an artificial lake for the Xin’an River Dam Project. 290,000 people were relocated.

Shi Cheng was built during the Eastern Han Dynasty (between 25 and 200). In the 7th and 8th century this place was a cultural, economical and political center, but now it lies 90 feet (27 m) below the surface.

Samabaj, the Lost Maya City in Lake Atitlan, Guatemala, found by Roberto Samayoa Asmus in 1996.

The most important spiritual and healing center in Guatemala for over 2,000 years, Lake Atitlán has been inhabited since at least 300 BC. Ceremonies were performed from 200 BC-200 AD at a now-submerged temple on one of three islands off San Lucas.

Samabaj vanished beneath the water about 1,700 years ago, when the lake suddenly rose 20 meters. Archaeologists think Volcan Atitlán may have erupted and blocked the outlets at the bottom of the lake with mud.

But Lake Atitlán continued as a ceremonial center and remains a sacred site where Mayan astrology and spirituality are still practiced by many Maya as well as by people who visit from around the world or who now call the lake their home. – according to Mayan Calendar Users Guide.

Bezidu Nou (Hungarian: Bözödújfalu, German: Neudorf).


The whole village, including two old churches, was flooded in 1988, and since then only one church tower has been visible for more than two decades. This place was only one of the many destroyed towns and villages in the Ceaușescu-era.


Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde, an ancestor of the British Queen Elizabeth II was born here in 1812, but her final resting place was in the Reformed church of the town, which was renovated in 1936 thanks to a donation from Queen Mary of England, great-granddaughter of count Rhédey.



…the seven wonders of the Ancient World.

John 17 – The Prayer to be Glorified & The Last 10 Stories of the 20 Most Famous Love Stories in History and Literature

They say love is a powerful thing.  All of the below stories and the ten I had posted before are without a doubt controlled by love, but none of them can hold a candle stick to the greatest love story of all time.

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (Jn 3:16).

And true love never dies, but there are many people that fall out of love, so we have to wonder if human’s can actually have true love.  I know we can’t love like You do.

We can fall out of love and we also lose things, which You never do, so tomorrow we’re going to look at…

John 17
The Prayer to be Glorified

1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:

17:1-26 – Jesus longest prayer.

2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

“Christ’s mission was not self-centered.  All He did was for the Father, and also for us.

5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.

7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.

“All things…are of thee” – only as people see the work of Jesus can they understand God.

8 For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.

Three things about the disciples are mentioned:

1. They accepted the teaching (unlike the Pharisees and others who heard it but didn’t receive it). 

2. They knew with certainly Jesus’ divine origin.  Acceptance of the revelation led them further into truth.

3. They believed.

9 I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine.

10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them.

11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me that they may be one, as we are.

“That they may be one” – the latter part of the prayer strongly emphasizes unity.  Here the unity is already given, not something to be achieved.  The meaning is “that they continually be one” rather than “that they become one.” 

The unity is to be like that between the Father and the Son.  It is much more than unity of organization, but the church’s present divisions are the result of the failures of Christians.

We can have that same unity today.

12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.

13 And now come I to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves.

14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

15 I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil.

16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.

20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;

“Them also which shall believe on me” – Jesus had just spoken of the mission and the sanctification of His followers.  He was confident that they would spread the gospel and He prayed for those who would believe as a result.  

All future believers are included in this prayer, even the wicked people like Bush and Obama.

21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.

22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:

23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.

25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.

26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.

The Last 10 Stories of the 20
Most Famous Love Stories
in History and Literature

11 . Jane Eyre and Rochester

In Charlotte Bronte’s famous tale, friendless characters find a cure for loneliness in each other’s company. Jane is an abused orphan employed as a governess to the charge of an abrasive, but very rich Edward Rochester.

The improbable pair grow close as Rochester reveals a tender heart beneath his gruff exterior. He does not, however, reveal his penchant for polygamy – on their wedding day, a horrified Jane discovers he is already married.

Heartbroken, Jane runs away, but later returns after a dreadful fire has destroyed Rochester’s mansion, killed his wife, and left him blind. Love triumphs, and the two reunite and live out their days in shared bliss.

12. Layla and Majnun

A leading medieval poet of Iran, Nizami of Ganje is known especially for his romantic poem Layla and Majnun Inspired by an Arab legend, Layla and Majnun is a tragic tale about unattainable love.

It had been told and retold for centuries, and depicted in manuscripts and other media such as ceramics for nearly as long as the poem has been penned. Layla and Qays fall in love while at school.

Their love is observed and they are soon prevented from seeing one another. In misery, Qays banishes himself to the desert to live among and be consoled by animals. He neglects to eat and becomes emaciated. Due to his eccentric behavior, he becomes known as Majnun (madman).

There he befriends an elderly Bedouin who promises to win him Layla’s hand through warfare. Layla’s tribe is defeated, but her father continues to refuse her marriage to Majnun because of his mad behavior, and she is married to another.

After the death of Layla’s husband, the old Bedouin facilitates a meeting between Layla and Majnun, but they are never fully reconciled in life. Upon death, they are buried side by side. The story is often interpreted as an allegory of the soul’s yearning to be united with the divine.

13. Eloise and Abelard

This is a story of a monk and a nun whose love letters became world famous. Around 1100, Peter Abelard went to Paris to study at the school of Notre Dame. He gained a reputation as an outstanding philosopher.

Fulbert, the canon of Notre Dame, hired Abelard to tutor his niece, Heloise. Abelard and the scholarly Heloise fell deeply in love, conceived a child, and were secretly married.

But Fulbert was furious, so Abelard sent Heloise to safety in a convent.

Thinking that he intended to abandon Heloise, Fulbert had his servants castrate Abelard while he slept. Abelard became a monk and devoted his life to learning. The heartbroken Heloise became a nun.

Despite their separations and tribulations, Abelard and Heloise remained in love. Their poignant love letters were later published.

14. Pyramus and Thisbe

A very touching love story that is sure to move anyone who reads it is that of Pyramus and Thisbe. Theirs was a selfless love and they made sure that even in death, they were together.

Pyramus was the most handsome man and was childhood friend of Thisbe, the fairest maiden in Babylonia. They both lived in neighboring homes and fell in love with each other as they grew up together.

However, their parents were dead against them marrying each other. So one night just before the crack of dawn, while everyone was asleep, they decided to slip out of their homes and meet in the nearby fields near a mulberry tree.

This be reached there first. As she waited under the tree, she saw a lion coming near the spring close by to quench its thirst. Its jaws were bloody. When Thisbe saw this horrifying sight, she panicked and ran to hide in some hollow rocks nearby

As she was running, she dropped her veil. The lion came near and picked up the veil in his bloody jaws. At that moment, Pyramus reaches near the mulberry tree and sees Thisbe’s veil in the jaws of the lion.

He is completely devastated. Shattered, he pierces his chest with his own sword. Unknown to what just happened, Thisbe is still hiding in the rocks due to the fear of the lion. When she comes out after sometime, she sees what her lover did to himself.

She is totally shattered when she sees the sword piercing right through her lover’s chest. She also takes the sword and kills herself.

15. Elizabeth Bennett and Darcy

Actually Jane Austen has personified two attributes of human nature, pride and prejudice in Darcy and Elizabeth. Darcy comes from a very high social hierarchy and Pemberley.

He typifies the educated aristocracy while on the other hand, Elizabeth is the second daughter of a gentleman of modest means.

Mr. Bennett has five daughters who have been allowed to grow up the way they wanted, there has been no school education for them, nor has there been any governess at home.

Elizabeth’s very indulgent mother and irresponsible father never gave any thought to the future of the daughters, it is always taken for granted, that they will do well for themselves.

To a woman of Mrs. Bennett’s understanding, doing well exclusively means finding a rich, well to do husband. For a man of Darcy’s social stature, these were very serious failings of the family and totally unacceptable to his polished, educated and refined mind.

Darcy adores Pemberley, and the future mistress of that estate can only be just as polished and refined and from an equally prestigious family. He falls in love with Elizabeth only to be refused by her initially, and then much later she realized that she can love no one but Darcy.

How they become united and understand the love for each other makes very interesting study.

16. Salim and Anarkali

The love story of Salim and Anarkali is a story that every lover knows. The son of the great Mughal emperor Akbar, Salim, fell in love with an ordinary but beautiful courtesan Anarkali. He was mesmerized by her beauty and fell in love as soon as he saw her.

But the emperor could not digest the fact that his son was in love with an ordinary courtesan. He started pressurizing Anarkali and devised all sorts of tactics to make her fall in the eyes of the young, love smitten prince.

When Salim came to know of this, he declared a war against his own father. But the mighty emperor’s gigantic army is too much for the young prince to handle.

He gets defeated and is sentenced to death.

This is when Anarkali intervenes and renounces her love to save her beloved from the jaws of death. She is entombed alive in a brick wall right in front of her lover’s eyes.

17. Pocahontas and John Smith

This love story is a famous legend in the history of America. Pocahontas, an Indian Princess was the daughter of Powhatan. Powhatan was the powerful chief of the Algonquian Indians in the Tidewater region of Virginia.

Pocahontas for the first time in her life saw Englishmen in May 1607. She found John Smith most attractive and developed a liking for him. Smith was taken to the official residence of Powhattan and he was tortured.

It was Pocahontas who saved his life from the attack of the Indians. Pocahontas then helped Smith to stand on his feet and Powhattan adopted Smith as his son. This incident helped Pocahontas and Smith to become friends with each other.

Pocahontas after this incident made frequent visits to the Jamestown and passed on to the Indians messages of her father. John Smith after getting badly injured due to gunpowder explosion, returned to England.

When Pocahontas made a visit to the fort, she was informed that Smith was dead. Sometime after, Pocahontas was taken prisoner by Sir Samuel Argall. Argall hoped to use Pocahontas as a bargaining chip with her father Powhatan in effort to get English prisoners returned.

During her captivity, she decided to become a Christian, taking the name “Rebecca” when she was baptized. A year later, she married John Rolfe.

She made a visit to London, where he met his friend John Smith after eight long years and it was their last meeting.

18. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal

In 1612, a teenage girl, Arjumand Banu, married 15-year-old Shah Jahan, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. After Mumtaz died in 1629, the grieving emperor resolved to create a fitting monument.

It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument – the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan was never able to complete a black marble mausoleum he planned for himself.

Deposed by his son, Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Red Fort of Agra, and spent lonely hours staring across the Jamuna River at the monument to his beloved queen. He was eventually buried beside her in the Taj Mahal.

19. Marie and Pierre Curie

This is a story about partners in love and science. Unable to continue her studies in Poland because universities did not admit women, Maria Sklodowska Curie traveled to Paris in 1891 to attend the Sorbonne.

Known by the French “Marie,” she spent every spare hour reading in the library or in the laboratory. The industrious student caught the eye of Pierre Curie, director one of the laboratories where Marie worked.

Curie ardently wooed Marie and made several marriage proposals. They were finally married in 1895 and began their famous partnership. In 1898 they discovered polonium and radium.

The Curies and scientist Henri Becquerel won a Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 for discovering radioactivity. When Curie died in 1904, Marie pledged to carry on their work. She took his place at the Sorbonne, becoming the school’s first female teacher.

In 1911 she became the first person to win a second Nobel Prize, this time for chemistry. She continued to experiment and lecture until her death of leukemia in 1934, driven by the memory of the man she loved.

20. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

This love story is about English royalty who mourned her husband’s death for 40 years. Victoria was a lively, cheerful girl, fond of drawing and painting. She ascended the throne of England in 1837 after the death of her uncle, King William IV.

In 1840, she married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. While at first Prince Albert was unpopular in some circles because he was German, he came to be admired for his honesty, diligence, and his devotion to his family.

The couple had nine children. Victoria loved her husband deeply. She relied on his advice in matters of state, especially in diplomacy. When Albert died in 1861, Victoria was devastated. She did not appear in public for three years.

Her extended seclusion generated considerable public criticism. Several attempts were made on Victoria’s life. However, under the influence of Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, Victoria resumed public life, opening Parliament in 1866.

But Victoria never stopped mourning her beloved prince, wearing black until her death in 1901. During her reign, the longest in English history, Britain became a world power on which “the sun never set.”


…once majestic cities that sank beneath the ocean.