Ezekiel 25 – Prophecy Against Ammon & Babylon Captivity: Clothing (7 of 11)

Finger Pointing UpSometimes these fancy walking sticks were buried with heir owners.  Both men and women wore sandals.

I don’t see anything wrong with the clothes, some are somewhat gaudy, but to each his own.  I’ll just stick to my blue jeans and t-shirts.

Got almost everything covered, but…

Ezekiel 25
Prophecy Against Ammon

1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

1 An Ammonite watch tower at Rujm Al Malfouf in Amman.
An Ammonite watch tower at Rujm Al-Malfouf in Amman.

25:1-32-32 – oracles against the nations.  Frequently in the prophets, God’s word of judgment on Israel is accompanied by oracles of judgment on the nations.  These make clear that while judgment begins “at the house of God” (1 Pet 4:17), the pagan nations would not escape God’s wrath.

Often these judgments are implicit messages of salvation for Israel since the Lord’s victories over hostile powers remove an enemy of His people or punish them for their cruel attacks on His people.

In the case of Ezekiel there are seven oracles (the seventh of which has seven parts, each introduced by the phrase “The word of the LORD came to me.”

2 Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them;

“Ammonites” – Ammon, part of modern Jordan, was immediately  east of Israel.  For hostile Ammonite action during this time and later see 2 Kgs 24:2; Neh 4:7).

3 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity;

4 Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk.

2 Qasr Al Abd was built by the governor of Ammon in 200 B.C.
Qasr Al Abd was built by the governor of Ammon in 200 B.C.

“Men of the east” – probably nomadic tribes of the desert east of Ammon, thought this could be a reference to Nebuchadnezzar and his army.

5 And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couching place for flocks: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

“Stable…couching place” – a common Old Testament description of destroyed cities.  The sites were returned to the conditions they were in before the cities were built, representing the undoing of human efforts.

6 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped thine hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel;

7 Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.

8 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Moab and Seir do say, Behold, the house of Judah is like unto all the heathen;

“Moab” – immediately south of Ammon, east of the Dead Sea.

“Seir” – Edom, a country south of Moab and south of the Dead Sea.

“Like unto all the heathen” – Israel wanted to be like the nations, but when the nations saw Judah in her apparent vulnerability and lost their awe of her, they failed to take her God seriously.

3 Capital of Moab
Capital of Moab
Known in the Bible as Kir, Kir Moab, Kir-Heres(eth), and Hereseth, this site (modern Kerak) was the capital city of Moab. It is situated on an isolated hilltop, with a view in all directions. The Crusaders recognized the defensible aspect of the site and in AD 1140 they made Kerak one of their strongest fortresses in the Middle East. The remains of the Crusader castle are shown here.

9 Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities which are on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim,

“Side of Moab” – lower hills rising from the Dead Sea, visible from Jerusalem.

“Beth-jeshimoth” – a town in the plains of Moab.

“Baal-meon” – a major Moabite town mentioned in an inscribed monument of Mesha, king of Moab.

“Kiriathaim” – a city also mentioned in the Mesha inscription.

10 Unto the men of the east with the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations.

11 And I will execute judgments upon Moab; and they shall know that I am the LORD.

12 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them;

13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.

4 Rabbah Moab Roman Temple
Rabbah Moab Roman Temple
The modern town of er-Rabbah preserves the ancient name of Rabbah Moab. In the Roman and Byzantine period, the city was known as Areopolis (City of [the god] Mars). According to an inscription, this Roman temple was dedicated to the emperors Diocletian and Maximian, who ruled jointly from A.D. 286-305.
“Teman” – a district near Petra in central Edom.

“Dedan” – a tribe and territory in southern Edom.

14 And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord GOD.

15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old hatred;

“Philistines” – inhabitants of the coastal plain along the Mediterranean west of Judah, who strove for control of Canaan until subdued by David.  Their hostility to Israel continued until Nebuchadnezzar deported them.

16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will stretch out mine hand upon the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethims, and destroy the remnant of the sea coast.

“Cherethims” – related to, if not identical with, the Philistines.

17 And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.

Babylon Captivity: Clothing

Though cotton had come in during the Assyrian Empire period, nearly all clothing in Babylonia was made of wool or linen. The poorer people wore a single wool tunic, with short sleeves, that extended to the feet, and they normally went barefoot.5 Clothing

Wealthier individuals wore linen tunics with short sleeves, also extending to the feet, with woolen tunics over them. They topped these with white cloaks that were often beautifully embroidered with animals or plants.

Men and women let their hair grow long and kept it in place with a headband or turban. Women often wound their hair around their heads, but both men and women might let it hang to shoulder length. Men wore long wavy beards, frequently extending down on the chest.6 Clothing

Both sexes sported necklaces, bracelets, and earrings and used a lot of perfumes and body oils, no doubt to counter some of the stench around them. Men carried hand-carved walking sticks with the top shaped like an apple, a flower, an eagle, or some other figure.

…what about basic family life?

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