Once Majestic Cities That Sank Beneath The Ocean and John 18 – Jesus Betrayal and Arrest

July 23, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.   Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry. Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research. If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

Once Majestic Cities
That Sank Beneath The Ocean

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No great metropolis stands forever. Eventually, every city falls. Some due to war, others to disaster. But the saddest and most poignant ruined cities might be the ones which have been swept under the ocean. Here are some of the most beautiful submerged cities. (Top image: Alexandria.)

Alexandria, Egypt, founded by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C.

Some of the most interesting sections of the magnificent city, including the palace quarter with Cleopatra’s Palace on the Island of Antirhodos and the old city of Rhakotis, were submerged by tidal waves and earthquakes more than 1200 years ago.

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Heracleion (also known as Thonis), Egypt, founded in the 8th century B.C.

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This ruin was discovered in 2000 by Team IEASM (Institut Européen D’Archéologie Sous-Marine). Before the foundation of Alexandria, it was the most important port of Egypt. And it was sunk in the 8th century.

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Heracleion had the temple of Amun, which played an important role in rites associated with dynastic continuity.

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Canopus, in the eastern outskirts of modern-day Alexandria


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First mentioned in the 6th century BC. Canopus was known for its sanctuaries of Osiris and Serapis. Discovered in 1933 by Prince Toussoun.


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Mystical stone structures below the waters off Yonaguni Jima Island, Japan, discovered by a local diver in 1986


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Is that a 5,000-year-old city sunk by an earthquake 2,000 years ago with an awesome monolithic, stepped pyramid — or just a natural sandstone structure?


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There are ruins of a castle, five temples, a triumphal arch and at least one large stadium, connected by roads and water channels, according to Masaaki Kimura, a marine geologist at the University of the Ryukyus.


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Saeftinghe (or Saaftinge), southwest Netherlands, now a swamp known as the Drowned Land of Saeftinghe


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The land around the town was lost in the All Saint’s Flood of 1570, and the city was sunk in 1584, during the Eighty Years’ War, where Dutch soldiers were forced to destroy the last intact dike around the town.


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Port Royal, Jamaica, founded in 1518 and destroyed by an earthquake, a tsunami and fires in 1692.


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It was a popular spot for the English and Dutch sponsored privateers to spend their treasure in the 16th century, but later it turned to the main base of pirates. The earthquake of 1692 liquefied the sand, and lots of buildings slid into the water or simply sank straight down.

The city of Baiae (also known as Campania) and the Portus Julius, home port of the western Imperial Fleet, Bay of Naples, Italy, a popular resort for the ultra-wealthy in the last decades of the Roman Republic. It had a casino and a giant swimming pool, too.


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Baiae was sacked by Muslim raiders in the 8th century, and was entirely deserted because of an epidemic of malaria around 1500. The most of the buildings are now under water, due to local volcanic activity.


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Pavlopetri, Greece


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The 5,000 years old city was discovered in 1967 by Nicholas Flemming, but the archeologist kept finding new buildings every year.


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The Neolithic village of Atlit-Yam, off the coast of Atlit, Israel


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This site, lies 25-40 feet beneath sea level dates at least between 6900 and 6300 BC. There are some rectangular houses, wells and a stone semicircle with seven megaliths, 1320 lb. each. Ten flexed burials have been discovered, including a woman and child who were the earliest known cases of MTB (tuberculosis).


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Lion City (Shi Cheng) of Qingdao Lake, China


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The city was flooded in 1959 to create an artificial lake for the Xin’an River Dam Project. 290,000 people were relocated.


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Shi Cheng was built during the Eastern Han Dynasty (between 25 and 200). In the 7th and 8th century this place was a cultural, economical and political center, but now it lies 90 feet (27 m) below the surface.


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Samabaj, the Lost Maya City in Lake Atitlan, Guatemala, found by Roberto Samayoa Asmus in 1996


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The most important spiritual and healing center in Guatemala for over 2,000 years, Lake Atitlán has been inhabited since at least 300 BC. Ceremonies were performed from 200 BC-200 AD at a now-submerged temple on one of three islands off San Lucas.

Samabaj vanished beneath the water about 1,700 years ago, when the lake suddenly rose 20 meters. Archaeologists think Volcan Atitlán may have erupted and blocked the outlets at the bottom of the lake with mud.

But Lake Atitlán continued as a ceremonial center and remains a sacred site where Mayan astrology and spirituality are still practiced by many Maya as well as by people who visit from around the world or who now call the lake their home. – according to Mayan Calendar Users Guide.


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Bezidu Nou (Hungarian: Bözödújfalu, German: Neudorf)


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1995

The whole village, including two old churches, was flooded in 1988, and since then only one church tower has been visible for more than two decades. This place was only one of the many destroyed towns and villages in the Ceaușescu-era.


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2008

Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde, an ancestor of the British Queen Elizabeth II was born here in 1812, but her final resting place was in the Reformed church of the town, which was renovated in 1936 thanks to a donation from Queen Mary of England, great-granddaughter of count Rhédey.


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2009


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2012


No telling what is at the bottom of the ocean, I bet there’s more than that.

Tomorrow we’ll look at…

John 18
Jesus Betrayal and Arrest

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.

The Capture of Christ by Fra Angelico, c. 1440, depicting Judas and Peter, cutting the ear of the Malchus, the servant of Caiaphas. Remember, even though Jesus was God, He was also a man and He had our weaknesses, not our sins, but our weaknesses. He asked the Father if He had to go through with the crucifixion? (Lk 22:42). Who would want to go through what Jesus went through?

The Capture of Christ by Fra Angelico, c. 1440, depicting Judas and Peter, cutting the ear of the Malchus, the servant of Caiaphas.
Remember, even though Jesus was God, He was also a man and He had our weaknesses, not our sins, but our weaknesses.
He asked the Father if He had to go through with the crucifixion? (Lk 22:42).
Who would want to go through what Jesus went through?

“The brook Cedron” – east of Jerusalem and dry except during the rainy season.

2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.

3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

“Officers from the chief priests and Pharisees” – equivalent to the temple guard sent by the Sanhedrin.

“Lanterns” – These were not Coleman, but terracotta holders which household lamps could be inserted.

“Torches” – resinous pieces of wood fastened together.

4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

“Knowing all things that should come upon him” – Jesus wasn’t taken by surprise.

5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:

The Brook of Cedron. So called from Kedar, black, dark, gloomy. This was the memorable brook over which the great Redeemer passed, to enter the garden of Gethsemane, the night before his sufferings and death. Here, indeed, Jesus often walked, for he loved the sacred haunts of that hallowed ground, where he knew his last agony, in the conflicts with Satan, was to take place. (John 18:1-2) The brook itself lay in a valley to the east of the city, between Jerusalem and the mount of Olives; and it emptied itself in the dead Sea.

The Brook of Cedron.
So called from Kedar, black, dark, gloomy. This was the memorable brook over which the great Redeemer passed, to enter the garden of Gethsemane, the night before his sufferings and death. Here, indeed, Jesus often walked, for he loved the sacred haunts of that hallowed ground, where he knew his last agony, in the conflicts with Satan, was to take place. (John 18:1-2) The brook itself lay in a valley to the east of the city, between Jerusalem and the mount of Olives; and it emptied itself in the dead Sea.

9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.

11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

“The cup” – often points to suffering (Ps 75:8; Eze 23:31-34) and the wrath of God (Is 51:17, 22; Jer 25:15; Rev 14:10, 16:19).

12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

“Annas” – had been deposed with the high priesthood by the Romans in 15 A.D. but was probably still regarded by many as the true high priest.  In Jewish law a man couldn’t be sentenced on the day his trial was held.

The two examinations – this one and that before Caiaphas – may have been conducted to give some form of legitimacy to what was done.

14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.

16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.

Kidron Valley The Kidron Valley (classical transliteration, Cedron, from Hebrew: נחל קדרון‎, Naḥal Qidron; also Qidron Valley; Arabic: وادي الجوز‎, Wadi al-Joz) is the valley on the eastern side of The Old City of Jerusalem, separating the Temple Mount from the Mount of Olives. It continues east through the Judean Desert, towards the Dead Sea, descending 4000 feet along its 20 mile course. The settlement Kedar, located on a ridge above the valley, is named after it. The neighborhood of Wadi Al-Joz bears the valley's Arabic name.[1] The Bible calls the Valley "Valley of Jehoshaphat - Emek Yehoshafat.” It appears in Jewish eschatologic prophecies, which include the return of Elijah, followed by the arrival of the Messiah, and the War of Gog and Magog and Judgment Day.

Kidron Valley
The Kidron Valley (classical transliteration, Cedron, from Hebrew: נחל קדרון‎, Naḥal Qidron; also Qidron Valley; Arabic: وادي الجوز‎, Wadi al-Joz) is the valley on the eastern side of The Old City of Jerusalem, separating the Temple Mount from the Mount of Olives. It continues east through the Judean Desert, towards the Dead Sea, descending 4000 feet along its 20 mile course. The settlement Kedar, located on a ridge above the valley, is named after it. The neighborhood of Wadi Al-Joz bears the valley’s Arabic name.[1] The Bible calls the Valley “Valley of Jehoshaphat – Emek Yehoshafat.” It appears in Jewish eschatologic prophecies, which include the return of Elijah, followed by the arrival of the Messiah, and the War of Gog and Magog and Judgment Day.

17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man’s disciples? He saith, I am not.

18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.

20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.

21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.

22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?

23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?

24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.

26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?

27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

The Old City of Jerusalem, as seen from across the Kidron Valley.

The Old City of Jerusalem, as seen from across the Kidron Valley.

28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

“The hall of judgment” – the palace of the Roman governor, Pilate.  John says little about the Jewish phase of Jesus’ trial but much about the Roman trial.  It’s possible that John was in the Praetorium, the governor’s official residence, for this trial.

29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

Lanterns are first spoken of by Theopompus, a Greek poet, and Empedocles of Agrigentum. Lanterns were used by the ancients in augury. The only known representation of an ancient Egyptian lantern probably is not much different from those spoken of by John the Evangelist in John 18:3 from the New Testament, where the party of men who went out of Jerusalem to apprehend Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane is described as being provided “with lanterns and torches.”[2] Lanterns in ancient China were made of silk, paper, or animal skin with frames made of bamboo or wood.[3] One of the earliest descriptions of paper lanterns is found in records from Khotan, which describe a "mounting lantern" made of white paper.

Lanterns are first spoken of by Theopompus, a Greek poet, and Empedocles of Agrigentum. Lanterns were used by the ancients in augury. The only known representation of an ancient Egyptian lantern probably is not much different from those spoken of by John the Evangelist in John 18:3 from the New Testament, where the party of men who went out of Jerusalem to apprehend Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane is described as being provided “with lanterns and torches.” Lanterns in ancient China were made of silk, paper, or animal skin with frames made of bamboo or wood. One of the earliest descriptions of paper lanterns is found in records from Khotan, which describe a “mounting lantern” made of white paper.

“Take ye him” – in other words, no Roman charge, not Roman trial.

“Not lawful for us to put any man to death” – the Jews were looking for an execution, not a fair trial.  The restriction was important for otherwise Rome’s supporters could be quietly removed by local legal executions. 

Sometimes the Roman’s seem to have condoned local execution (e.g., of Stephen, Acts 7), but normally they retained the right to inflict the death penalty.

32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?

35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

Torch construction varies depending on its when it was constructed and for what purpose. Torches were usually constructed of a wooden stave with one end wrapped in a fabric which was soaked in a flammable substance. Variations of this design have existed through history. In ancient Rome some torches were made of sulfur mixed with lime. This meant that the fire would not diminish after being plunged into water. Modern procession torches are made from coarse hessian rolled into a tube and soaked in wax. There is usually a wooden handle and a cardboard collar to deflect any wax droplets. They are an easy, safe and relatively cheap way to hold a flame aloft in a parade, or to provide illumination in any after-dark celebration.

Torch construction varies depending on its when it was constructed and for what purpose. Torches were usually constructed of a wooden stave with one end wrapped in a fabric which was soaked in a flammable substance. Variations of this design have existed through history. In ancient Rome some torches were made of sulfur mixed with lime. This meant that the fire would not diminish after being plunged into water. Modern procession torches are made from coarse hessian rolled into a tube and soaked in wax. There is usually a wooden handle and a cardboard collar to deflect any wax droplets. They are an easy, safe and relatively cheap way to hold a flame aloft in a parade, or to provide illumination in any after-dark celebration.

38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

“What is truth?” – Pilate may have been jesting, and meant, “What does truth matter?”  Yet, he didn’t want to crucify Jesus so he probably meant something like, “It isn’t easy to find truth, what is it?”

“Find in him no fault at all” – teaching the truth was not a criminal offense.

39 But ye have a custom that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

“Barabbas” – a rebel and a murderer (Lk 23:19).  The name is Aramaic and means “son of Abba.”


…the seven wonders of the Ancient World.


The Last 10 Stories of the 20 Most Famous Love Stories in History and Literature and John 17 – The Prayer to be Glorified

July 22, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.  
Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry.
Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research.
If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

The Last 10 Stories of the 20
Most Famous Love Stories
in History and Literature

(first ten
)

11. Jane Eyre and Rochester

830-1-Jane Eyre and RochesterIn Charlotte Bronte’s famous tale, friendless characters find a cure for loneliness in each other’s company. Jane is an abused orphan employed as a governess to the charge of an abrasive, but very rich Edward Rochester.

The improbable pair grow close as Rochester reveals a tender heart beneath his gruff exterior. He does not, however, reveal his penchant for polygamy – on their wedding day, a horrified Jane discovers he is already married.

Heartbroken, Jane runs away, but later returns after a dreadful fire has destroyed Rochester’s mansion, killed his wife, and left him blind. Love triumphs, and the two reunite and live out their days in shared bliss.

12. Layla and Majnun

830-2-Layla and MajnunA leading medieval poet of Iran, Nizami of Ganje is known especially for his romantic poem Layla and Majnun Inspired by an Arab legend, Layla and Majnun is a tragic tale about unattainable love.

It had been told and retold for centuries, and depicted in manuscripts and other media such as ceramics for nearly as long as the poem has been penned. Layla and Qays fall in love while at school.

Their love is observed and they are soon prevented from seeing one another. In misery, Qays banishes himself to the desert to live among and be consoled by animals. He neglects to eat and becomes emaciated. Due to his eccentric behavior, he becomes known as Majnun (madman).830-2a

There he befriends an elderly Bedouin who promises to win him Layla’s hand through warfare. Layla’s tribe is defeated, but her father continues to refuse her marriage to Majnun because of his mad behavior, and she is married to another.

After the death of Layla’s husband, the old Bedouin facilitates a meeting between Layla and Majnun, but they are never fully reconciled in life. Upon death, they are buried side by side. The story is often interpreted as an allegory of the soul’s yearning to be united with the divine.

13. Eloise and Abelard

830-3- Eloise and AbelardThis is a story of a monk and a nun whose love letters became world famous. Around 1100, Peter Abelard went to Paris to study at the school of Notre Dame. He gained a reputation as an outstanding philosopher.

Fulbert, the canon of Notre Dame, hired Abelard to tutor his niece, Heloise. Abelard and the scholarly Heloise fell deeply in love, conceived a child, and were secretly married.

But Fulbert was furious, so Abelard sent Heloise to safety in a convent.830-3a

Thinking that he intended to abandon Heloise, Fulbert had his servants castrate Abelard while he slept. Abelard became a monk and devoted his life to learning. The heartbroken Heloise became a nun.

Despite their separations and tribulations, Abelard and Heloise remained in love. Their poignant love letters were later published.

14. Pyramus and Thisbe

830-4-Pyramus and ThisbeA very touching love story that is sure to move anyone who reads it is that of Pyramus and Thisbe. Theirs was a selfless love and they made sure that even in death, they were together.

Pyramus was the most handsome man and was childhood friend of Thisbe, the fairest maiden in Babylonia. They both lived in neighboring homes and fell in love with each other as they grew up together.

However, their parents were dead against them marrying each other. So one night just before the crack of dawn, while everyone was asleep, they decided to slip out of their homes and meet in the nearby fields near a mulberry tree.

This be reached there first. As she waited under the tree, she saw a lion coming near the spring close by to quench its thirst. Its jaws were bloody. When Thisbe saw this horrifying sight, she panicked and ran to hide in some hollow rocks nearby830-4a

As she was running, she dropped her veil. The lion came near and picked up the veil in his bloody jaws. At that moment, Pyramus reaches near the mulberry tree and sees Thisbe’s veil in the jaws of the lion.

He is completely devastated. Shattered, he pierces his chest with his own sword. Unknown to what just happened, Thisbe is still hiding in the rocks due to the fear of the lion. When she comes out after sometime, she sees what her lover did to himself.

She is totally shattered when she sees the sword piercing right through her lover’s chest. She also takes the sword and kills herself.

15. Elizabeth Bennett and Darcy

830-5-Elizabeth Bennett and DarcyActually Jane Austen has personified two attributes of human nature, pride and prejudice in Darcy and Elizabeth. Darcy comes from a very high social hierarchy and Pemberley.

He typifies the educated aristocracy while on the other hand, Elizabeth is the second daughter of a gentleman of modest means.

Mr. Bennett has five daughters who have been allowed to grow up the way they wanted, there has been no school education for them, nor has there been any governess at home.

Elizabeth’s very indulgent mother and irresponsible father never gave any thought to the future of the daughters, it is always taken for granted, that they will do well for themselves.830-5a

To a woman of Mrs. Bennett’s understanding, doing well exclusively means finding a rich, well to do husband. For a man of Darcy’s social stature, these were very serious failings of the family and totally unacceptable to his polished, educated and refined mind.

Darcy adores Pemberley, and the future mistress of that estate can only be just as polished and refined and from an equally prestigious family. He falls in love with Elizabeth only to be refused by her initially, and then much later she realized that she can love no one but Darcy.

How they become united and understand the love for each other makes very interesting study.

16. Salim and Anarkali

830-6-Salim and AnarkaliThe love story of Salim and Anarkali is a story that every lover knows. The son of the great Mughal emperor Akbar, Salim, fell in love with an ordinary but beautiful courtesan Anarkali. He was mesmerized by her beauty and fell in love as soon as he saw her.

But the emperor could not digest the fact that his son was in love with an ordinary courtesan. He started pressurizing Anarkali and devised all sorts of tactics to make her fall in the eyes of the young, love smitten prince.

When Salim came to know of this, he declared a war against his own father. But the mighty emperor’s gigantic army is too much for the young prince to handle.

He gets defeated and is sentenced to death.

This is when Anarkali intervenes and renounces her love to save her beloved from the jaws of death. She is entombed alive in a brick wall right in front of her lover’s eyes.

17. Pocahontas and John Smith

830-7-Pocahontas and John SmithThis love story is a famous legend in the history of America. Pocahontas, an Indian Princess was the daughter of Powhatan. Powhatan was the powerful chief of the Algonquian Indians in the Tidewater region of Virginia.

Pocahontas for the first time in her life saw Englishmen in May 1607. She found John Smith most attractive and developed a liking for him. Smith was taken to the official residence of Powhattan and he was tortured.

It was Pocahontas who saved his life from the attack of the Indians. Pocahontas then helped Smith to stand on his feet and Powhattan adopted Smith as his son. This incident helped Pocahontas and Smith to become friends with each other.830-7a

Pocahontas after this incident made frequent visits to the Jamestown and passed on to the Indians messages of her father. John Smith after getting badly injured due to gunpowder explosion, returned to England.

When Pocahontas made a visit to the fort, she was informed that Smith was dead. Sometime after, Pocahontas was taken prisoner by Sir Samuel Argall. Argall hoped to use Pocahontas as a bargaining chip with her father Powhatan in effort to get English prisoners returned.

During her captivity, she decided to become a Christian, taking the name “Rebecca” when she was baptized. A year later, she married John Rolfe.

She made a visit to London, where he met his friend John Smith after eight long years and it was their last meeting.

18. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal

830-8-Shah Jahan and Mumtaz MahalIn 1612, a teenage girl, Arjumand Banu, married 15-year-old Shah Jahan, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. After Mumtaz died in 1629, the grieving emperor resolved to create a fitting monument.

It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument – the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan was never able to complete a black marble mausoleum he planned for himself.

Deposed by his son, Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Red Fort of Agra, and spent lonely hours staring across the Jamuna River at the monument to his beloved queen. He was eventually buried beside her in the Taj Mahal.

19. Marie and Pierre Curie

830-9aThis is a story about partners in love and science. Unable to continue her studies in Poland because universities did not admit women, Maria Sklodowska Curie traveled to Paris in 1891 to attend the Sorbonne.

Known by the French “Marie,” she spent every spare hour reading in the library or in the laboratory. The industrious student caught the eye of Pierre Curie, director one of the laboratories where Marie worked.

Curie ardently wooed Marie and made several marriage proposals. They were finally married in 1895 and began their famous partnership. In 1898 they discovered polonium and radium.830-9-Marie and Pierre Curie

The Curies and scientist Henri Becquerel won a Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 for discovering radioactivity. When Curie died in 1904, Marie pledged to carry on their work. She took his place at the Sorbonne, becoming the school’s first female teacher.

In 1911 she became the first person to win a second Nobel Prize, this time for chemistry. She continued to experiment and lecture until her death of leukemia in 1934, driven by the memory of the man she loved.

20. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

830-10-Queen Victoria and Prince AlbertThis love story is about English royalty who mourned her husband’s death for 40 years. Victoria was a lively, cheerful girl, fond of drawing and painting. She ascended the throne of England in 1837 after the death of her uncle, King William IV.

In 1840, she married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. While at first Prince Albert was unpopular in some circles because he was German, he came to be admired for his honesty, diligence, and his devotion to his family.

The couple had nine children. Victoria loved her husband deeply. She relied on his advice in matters of state, especially in diplomacy. When Albert died in 1861, Victoria was devastated. She did not appear in public for three years.830-10a

Her extended seclusion generated considerable public criticism. Several attempts were made on Victoria’s life. However, under the influence of Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, Victoria resumed public life, opening Parliament in 1866.

But Victoria never stopped mourning her beloved prince, wearing black until her death in 1901. During her reign, the longest in English history, Britain became a world power on which “the sun never set.”


They say love is a powerful thing.  All of the above stories and the ten I had posted before are without a doubt controlled by love, but none of them can hold a candle stick to the greatest love story of all time.

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life (Jn 3:16).830-j-1

And true love never dies, but there are many people that fall out of love, so we have to wonder if human’s can actually have true love.  I know we can’t love like You do.

We can fall out of love and we also lose things, which You never do, so tomorrow we’re going to look at…

John 17
The Prayer to be Glorified

1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:830-a

17:1-26 – Jesus longest prayer.

2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

“Christ’s mission was not self-centered.  All He did was for the Father, and also for us.

5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.

“All things…are of thee” – only as people see the work of Jesus can they understand God.

8 For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.

Three things about the disciples are mentioned:

1. They accepted the teaching (unlike the Pharisees and others who heard it but didn’t receive it). 

2. They knew with certainly Jesus’ divine origin.  Acceptance of the revelation led them further into truth.

3. They believed.

9 I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine.

10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them.830-c

11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me that they may be one, as we are.

“That they may be one” – the latter part of the prayer strongly emphasizes unity.  Here the unity is already given, not something to be achieved.  The meaning is “that they continually be one” rather than “that they become one.” 

The unity is to be like that between the Father and the Son.  It is much more than unity of organization, but the church’s present divisions are the result of the failures of Christians.

We can have that same unity today.

12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.

13 And now come I to thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves.830-d

14 I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

15 I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil.

16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.

17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.

19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.

20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;

“Them also which shall believe on me” – Jesus had just spoken of the mission and the sanctification of His followers.  He was confident that they would spread the gospel and He prayed for those who would believe as a result. 830-e

All future believers are included in this prayer, even the wicked people like Bush and Obama.

21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.

22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:

23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.830-f

25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.

26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in them.


…once majestic cities that sank beneath the ocean.


Ancient Man’s Cults, Sects, and Religions: Shintoism (7 of 8) and John 16 – The Coming of the Spirit

July 21, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.  
Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry.
Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research.
If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

Ancient Man’s Cults, Sects, and Religions:
Shintoism (7of 8)

Shinto is a traditional religion of Japan that developed a result of the influences of Buddhism and Confucianism. Shinto comes from the Chinese word “shin which means “way of the gods. ”

Shinto has no known founder or single sacred scripture. Shinto is wholly devoted to life in this world and emphasises man's essential goodness.

Shinto has no known founder or single sacred scripture.
Shinto is wholly devoted to life in this world and emphasises man’s essential goodness.

It is the ancient religion of Japan that is as much about Japanese culture as it is about religion. Having no real founder, Shinto claims no sacred texts in the sense of holding their writings to be inspired or revered.

They are regarded more as useful. One in particular, called Kojiki, is widely read. It otherwise possesses no body of written laws or no liturgy. The priesthood is not well organized.

History

Shinto emerged in 5th century B.C. when several sects developed in a reaction against Buddhism. One of these was called Ise Shinto. It was not until the 19th century under Emperor Meiji (1868-1912) that Shinto became adopted as the official religion of Japan.

This was at the time when the emperor was considered divine. Meiji traced his line back in succession to the first mythical emperor Jimmu (660 B.C.). Before and beyond Jimmu, succession stretched to the sun goddess, Amaterasu Omikami.

Shinto shrine in Nara The traditional religion of Japan is Shinto, which roughly translates to the way of the Gods. However, Shinto did not have a name until the introduction of Buddhism to Japan via Chinese ambassadors, back when they were still welcomed, and Buddha was initially viewed as an additional deity to be worshiped.

Shinto shrine in Nara
The traditional religion of Japan is Shinto, which roughly translates to the way of the Gods. However, Shinto did not have a name until the introduction of Buddhism to Japan via Chinese ambassadors, back when they were still welcomed, and Buddha was initially viewed as an additional deity to be worshiped.

Shintoism was Japan’s national religion before World War II, out of which the successive divine emperors led to the belief that one is granted life for giving his life to the emperor. This formed the basis for kamikaze suicide pilots during the War.

After Japan surrendered to America in World War II, the American army forced the Japanese emperor to renounce his divinity. Since then, religion and politics have been separated.

Beliefs and Practices

Shinto is an eclectic blend of nature worship, fertility cults, divination, emperor worship, and shamanism. Worship focuses on gratitude to the kami, who are people or natural entities that have for centuries evoked the wonder of the Japanese.

Kami may be hills, mountains, or animals. Often the kami are deities and special human individuals, the latter commonly being emperors. This accounts for Japan’s longstanding worship of its emperors.

Shinto worship also occurs in homes, where a small altar (called a kami dana or kami shelf) may contain a number of items that are worshiped and revered, such as the names of the departed ancestors or statues of deities. In Shinto, ancestors are greatly revered and worshiped.

Zao Gongen, the protective deity of a Shinto-Buddhist cult called Shugendo This statue of Zao Gongen can be seen in the East Asian Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Zao Gongen was the spirit of Mt Kimpu, which is south of Nara.  He had previously been holding a thunderbolt scepter, which is now missing. The Fujiwaras, everyone’s favorite ruling clan, were among the adherents of Shugendo, a syncretic Shinto-Buddhist cult.

Zao Gongen, the protective deity of a Shinto-Buddhist cult called Shugendo
This statue of Zao Gongen can be seen in the East Asian Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Zao Gongen was the spirit of Mt Kimpu, which is south of Nara. He had previously been holding a thunderbolt scepter, which is now missing. The Fujiwaras, everyone’s favorite ruling clan, were among the adherents of Shugendo, a syncretic Shinto-Buddhist cult.

One of the popular kamis has a divine couple, Izanagi-no-mikoto and Izanami-no-mikoto giving birth to the Japanese islands. One of their daughters, Amaterasu Omikami, became the sun goddess.

She has a shrine in her honor at Ise, a tribute to the (act that she is believed to have brought unity to the country.

Since there is no prescribed liturgies or specific sacred writings that guide the practitioner of Shinto, the canons of Confucianism are followed.

There are four affirmations in Shinto.  They are:

1. Tradition and family. The family preserves the j ancient memory and identity of each member of the family.

2. Love for nature. Nature is a vehicle for bringing I one closer to the gods. It is considered sacred.

3. Physical cleanliness. Practitioners of Shinto constantly bathe themselves and are greatly concerned about hygiene. The ideal place for bathing is at a river near the shrines, where the kami an worshiped.

4. Matsuri. This is the worship of the kami.

Shrines are built to specific kami. Upon entering it shrine, a tori, or gateway, is passed through. When passing through the tori one leaves the world behind and transcends to the infinite realm, where the deity dwells.

Shrine ceremonies include cleansings, prayers, and offerings. Worshipful dances, called kagura, are performed by both men and virgin women.

Celebrations of the seasons are held in the fall and in the spring. National Founding Day takes place on February 11th; this day is believed to be the birthday of Japan. A number of other festivals and rites of are observed.

Great Buddha of Nara A certain Buddhist melancholy is pervasive in the art and literature of the period, but pagan Shinto celebrations of agriculture were happily continued.

Great Buddha of Nara
A certain Buddhist melancholy is pervasive in the art and literature of the period, but pagan Shinto celebrations of agriculture were happily continued.

Origami (“paper of the spirits”) is the art of folding paper into various shapes. The folded paper is placed in shrines. This paper is never cut because it is believed that the trees from which they came are sacred.

There are four major traditions in Shinto.  These include:

1. Koshitsu Shinto. This pertains to the emperor himself and the rituals specifically performed by him.

2. Jinja Shinto. As the largest and oldest form of Shinto ritual, Jinja ritual focuses on prayers directed to the emperor, thanksgiving  for the kami, and obedience to the emperor.

3. Kyoha Shinto. There are thirteen sects formed in the modern world (from the 19th century on), each following its own particular rituals.

4. Minzoku Shinto. These are privatized and local rituals.

Conclusion

Traditional Christianity bears little resemblance theologically to Shinto. In reality, the worshiping of the Kami is a form of polytheism, whereas Christianity adheres to monotheism, as God demands:

I am the LORD thy God…

Thou shalt have no other gods before me (Ex 20:2-3).828-5

Some Protestant and Catholics in Japan do use the word Kami to denote God.  They blend the work kami with the word sama to make kamisama, thinking that is respectful of God –WRONG!

The worship of human emperors or ancestors is against God.  There is no salvation from sin without Jesus Christ.


I just don’t get it, God.  I don’t understand why anyone worship another human being?  Why anyone would worship something that was man-made, like a wooden or metal statue/idol?  Why anyone would worship anything without proof of its existence?828-j-1

We can look all around and even though we can’t see Your face, we can certainly see Your handiwork.  And to help us out You even sent Your Son down here and He has been seen by many so we have absolute proof of Your existence.

Through the Bible and Jesus’ words we know Satan is real, but he is nobody to worship, he is nothing but evil and his followers are pp like Bush, Obama, Hilary, etc.

We just looked at a ridiculous belief, which is, in Your eyes, evil, so tomorrow we’ll look at the opposite, we’ll look at the last ten…

John 16
The Coming of the Spirit

1 These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended.

Kojiki (古事記?, "Record of Ancient Matters") is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei.[1] The Kojiki is a collection of myths concerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami. Along with the Nihon Shoki, the myths contained in the Kojiki are part of the inspiration behind Shinto practices and myths, including the misogi purification ritual.

Kojiki is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei. The Kojiki is a collection of myths concerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami. Along with the Nihon Shoki, the myths contained in the Kojiki are part of the inspiration behind Shinto practices and myths, including the misogi purification ritual.

2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.

3 And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

4 But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.

5 But now I go my way to him that sent me; and none of you asketh me, Whither goest thou?

6 But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart.

7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

“If I go not away” – Jesus didn’t say why the Holy Ghost wouldn’t come until He went away, but clearly taught that His saving work on the cross was necessary before the sending of the Spirit. 

We don’t need to know why – that is just how God wants to do it, that’s all we need to know.

8 And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

“He…will reprove the world” – the work the Holy Ghost does in the world.

9 Of sin, because they believe not on me;

“Of sin” – apart from the Holy Ghost’s convicting work, people can never see themselves as sinners.

“Because they believe not” – may mean that their sin is their failure to believe, or that their unbelief is a classic example of sin.

10 Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;

The Inner Shrine, Naikū (also officially known as "Kotai Jingū"), is located in the town of Uji-tachi, south of central Ise City, and is dedicated to the worship of Amaterasu-ōmikami. The Outer Shrine, Gekū (also officially known as "Toyouke Daijingu"), is located about six kilometers from Naikū and dedicated to Toyouke no ōmikami, the deity of agriculture and industry.

The Inner Shrine, Naikū (also officially known as “Kotai Jingū”), is located in the town of Uji-tachi, south of central Ise City, and is dedicated to the worship of Amaterasu-ōmikami. The Outer Shrine, Gekū (also officially known as “Toyouke Daijingu”), is located about six kilometers from Naikū and dedicated to Toyouke no ōmikami, the deity of agriculture and industry.

11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

“Of judgment” – Jesus was speaking of the defeat of Satan, which was a form of judgment, not simply a victory because Jesus already defeated the devil when He was resurrected.  The devil is now just waiting for his day of sentencing, the harvest.

12 I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.

13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

“Whatsoever he shall hear” – we aren’t told whether He hears from the Father or the Son, but it obviously does not matter, for the verse stresses the close relationship among the three.

14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

16 A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father.

“A little while…a little while” – a few doubt that the first phrase refers to the interval before the crucifixion.  But interpretations differ as to whether the second refers to the interval preceding the resurrection or the coming of the Spirit or the second coming of Christ?

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇 Meiji-tennō?, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great (明治大帝 Meiji-taitei?), was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death on 30 July 1912. He presided over a time of rapid change in the Empire of Japan, as the nation quickly changed from a feudal state to a capitalist and imperial world power, characterized by Japan's industrial revolution.

Emperor Meiji (3 Nov 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death on 30 July 1912. He presided over a time of rapid change in the Empire of Japan, as the nation quickly changed from a feudal state to a capitalist and imperial world power, characterized by Japan’s industrial revolution.

The disciples weren’t stupid so I believe the first phrase was talking about Jesus ascension to heaven and the second was about His second coming.

17 Then said some of his disciples among themselves, What is this that he saith unto us, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me: and, Because I go to the Father?

18 They said therefore, What is this that he saith, A little while? we cannot tell what he saith.

19 Now Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, and said unto them, Do ye enquire among yourselves of that I said, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me?

20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy.

21 A woman when she is in travail hath sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world.

22 And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.

23 And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

“Ye shall ask me nothing” – seems to mean asking for information (rather than asking in prayer), which would not be necessary after the resurrection.  Jesus then moved on to the subject of prayer.

However, Jesus may have been saying that His disciples previously had been praying to Christ, but after His death and resurrection they were to go directly to the Father and pray in Christ’s name.

Amaterasu Omikami: Principal Japanese deity who is the ruler of the gods and universe. She is the goddess of the sun, the Great Goddess or Mother Goddess who is responsible for fertility.

Amaterasu Omikami: Principal Japanese deity who is the ruler of the gods and universe. She is the goddess of the sun, the Great Goddess or Mother Goddess who is responsible for fertility.

I believe what Jesus was saying verifies what Paul said:

These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask anything according to his well, he heareth us.

And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him (1 Jn 5:13-15).

24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full.

“Asked nothing in my name” – I don’t believe Jesus meant verbally, but many people ask and Jesus is not in their heart.

25 These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father.

26 At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you:

27 For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God.

“The Father himself loveth you” – Christ is explaining why the disciples can come directly to the Father in prayer.  It’s because the disciples have loved and trusted in Jesus, and in love God will hear their requests in Jesus’ name.  Remember, a disciples is anyone that believes in Jesus.

28 I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.

Izanami no Mikoto (she who Invites) and Izanagi No Mikoto (he who invites) are the two deities responsible for creating the first land mass. They were both siblings and spouses, and produced several children, including the eight babies who made up Japan, and several other deities.

Izanami no Mikoto (she who Invites) and Izanagi No Mikoto (he who invites) are the two deities responsible for creating the first land mass. They were both siblings and spouses, and produced several children, including the eight babies who made up Japan, and several other deities.

29 His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb.

30 Now are we sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God.

31 Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe?

32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.

“Ye shall be scattered” – the disciples had faith, but not enough to stand firm in face of disaster.  Jesus knew they would fail; however, His church is not built on people’s strength but on God’s ability to use people even after they have failed.

33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.


…stories of the 20 most famous love stories in history and literature.


The World’s Largest Cities since 4000 B.C. and John 15 – Jesus the True Vine

July 20, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.   Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry. Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research. If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

The World’s Largest Cities since 4000 B.C.

Here’s an interest chart going way back to 4000 BC showing the population of the biggest cities in the western and eastern worlds.

Double click to enlarge

Double click to enlarge


The amount of people that worship Jesus is the minority of the world.  There are some that worship Jesus and other gods, but they are in the same boat as those that don’t believe – they are all going to hell.

Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord ’s table, and of the table of devils (1 Cor 10:21).

Without Jesus we are nothing.

Tomorrow we are going to look at the seventh of eight…

John 15
Jesus the True Vine

1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.828-a

2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.

3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.

4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.

“Abide in me” – the believer has no fruitfulness apart from his union and fellowship with Christ.  A branch out of contact with the vines is lifeless.

5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.

6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.828-b

“Cast them into the fire, and they are burned” – Judged.  In light of such passages as 6:39, 10:27-28, these branches probably don’t represent true believers.  Genuine salvation is evidenced by a life of fruitfulness.

7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.

“My words abide in you” – it is impossible to pray correctly apart from knowing and believing the teachings of Christ.

8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.

“My Father glorified”- the Father is glorified in the work of the Son and He is glorified in the fruit-bearing of disciples – and even today Jesus is glorified by those that stand for Him.

9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.

10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.

“Keep…as I have kept” – the importance of obedience and the example of Christ.

11 These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full.828-c

“Joy” – this joy comes only from Jesus, all believers that abide with him will always be joyful.  Not meaning there will not be hard times and even disappointing times, but there will never be true sad times.

12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.

13 Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends.

Christ’s love was not only in words but also in His sacrificial death.

14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.

15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.

“Servants…friends” – a servant is simply an agent, doing what his master commands and often not understanding his master’s purpose.  But Jesus takes His friends into His confidence.828-d

“All things…I have made known to you” – from 16:12 we learn that though Jesus had let His disciples know as much as they were able to absorb of the Father’s plan, he revelation was not yet complete.  The Spirit would make other things known in due course.

If you have accepted Jesus into your heart the Holy Ghost is there and He will tell you things when you need to know.

16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.

17 These things I command you, that ye love one another.

18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you.

19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.

“Ye are not of” – believers essential belonging, his new life, comes specifically from God and therefore he is not the same as those who oppose God.828-e

20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep your’s also.

21 But all these things will they do unto you for my name’s sake, because they know not him that sent me.

“All these things will they do unto you” – because Christians do not belong to the world, persecution from the world is inevitable.  The basic reason is the world’s ignorance and rejection of Jesus.

22 If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.

“No cloke” – privilege and responsibility go together.  The Jews had had the great privilege of having the Son of God among them – in addition to having received God’s special revelation in the Old Testament.

Their rejection of Jesus left them totally guilty and without excuse.  Had He not come to them they would still have been sinners, but they would not have been guilty of rejecting Him directly.

23 He that hateth me hateth my Father also.828-f

24 If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father.

25 But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

“That the word might be fulfilled that is written” – in the end God’s purpose is always accomplished, despite the belief of sinful men that they have successfully opposed it – see Is 55:11.

26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:

27 And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.


…Ancient Man’s Cults, Sects, and Religions: Shintoism.


The Roots of the Bible and John 14 – The Way, the Truth and the Life

July 19, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.   Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry. Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research. If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

The Roots of the Bible

Israeli archaeologists have uncovered three rare, Roman-era fabrics believed to have been dyed using murex snail extracts in unique colors mentioned in the Bible.

One of the rare fabrics archaeologists found in the Judean Desert. The purple shade was considered to have been the most valued of the pigments used during the period, the Hebrew website Walla reported.

One of the rare fabrics archaeologists found in the Judean Desert.
The purple shade was considered to have been the most valued of the pigments used during the period, the Hebrew website Walla reported.

Israel Antiquities Authority researchers say they have identified three pieces of cloth dyed in colors considered the most valued at the time, including special shades of blue, purple and crimson-scarlet — colors cited in scripture.

The textiles are believed to have been used in the clothing of wealthy residents 2,000 years ago.

“The importance of this fabric is extremely significant as there are practically no parallels for it in the archaeological record,” Yoli Shwartz, Israel Antiquities Authority spokeswoman said in a statement.

One of the rare fabrics archaeologists found in the Judean Desert

In the book of Exodus chapter 25, God gives Moses instructions for building the tabernacle during which blue and purple and scarlet yarns were specified. These were also the colors to be used for the making of the priestly garments, as described in Exodus chapter 27.

The fabrics were discovered in the Wadi Murabba‘at caves south of Qumran, the area in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found during the 1940s and 1950s.

The unique make of the fabrics was discovered during a wider study of 180 textiles found in Judean Desert caves conducted by Dr. Naama Sukenik.

Murex-dyed fabrics reached their peak in popularity during the Hellenistic-Roman period, researchers believe.

Murex-dyed fabrics reached their peak in popularity during the Hellenistic-Roman period, researchers believe.

“Among the many textiles, most of which were dyed using substances derived from plants, were two purple-bordeaux [crimson] colored textiles – parts of tunics that were double dyed utilizing two of the most expensive materials in antiquity: Murex trunculus (Hexaplex trunculus) and  American Cochineal insect,” the Israel Antiquities Authority spokeswoman added.

The Tazpit News Agency further explained:

“A third textile, made of wool, indicating the thread fibers were dyed by exposing them to sunlight or heated after having been dyed, represent another use of the murex snail for achieving a shade of blue, and it is possible that the item in question is an indigo fabric made by means of a technique similar to making the tekhelet (blue) in tzitzit, the four-fringed garment worn by Jews.”

The purple shade was considered to have been the most valued of the pigments used during the period, the Hebrew website Walla reported.

Coptic textiles had many uses during Egypt's Christian period, including bed sheets and covers, towels, napkins, tablecloths and carrying sacks, while in churches and other public buildings, these decorative fabrics were used for curtains and hangings.

Coptic textiles had many uses during Egypt’s Christian period, including bed sheets and covers, towels, napkins, tablecloths and carrying sacks, while in churches and other public buildings, these decorative fabrics were used for curtains and hangings.

“Fabrics dyed purple testified to the prestige of the garment and to the social status of its owner. In some periods, purple clothing was permitted to the emperor and his family only,” Walla reported, adding that the price of the dye at times reached the price of gold.

Israel Antiquities Authority researchers say they still don’t know how the pricey fabrics got into the caves.

One theory is they may have belonged to Jewish refugees on the run during the Bar Kochba Revolt which began in 132-136 A.D., during which the Jews rebelled against Roman Empire rule of the Holy Land.

Alternatively, the clothing may have belonged to a Roman military unit living in the caves.


Paul’s friend, Lydia from Thyatire, sold purple also (Acts 16:14).

Tomorrow we will look at…

John 14
The Way, the Truth and the Life

1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.

Workers hanging up clothing to dry, wall painting from a dye shop (fullonica) at Pompeii The Romans had to turn their material with a manual spinner. Iron alum was used as the base fixing agent and it is known that the marine gastropod, Haustellum brandaris, was used as a red dye, due to its purple-red colorant; the color of the emperor. The dye was imported from Tyre, Lebanon and was used primarily by wealthy women. Cheaper versions were also produced by counterfeiters. A more widely used tint was indigo, allowing blue or yellow shades, while madder, a dicotyledon angiosperm, produced a shade of red and was one of the cheapest dyes available. According to Pliny the Elder, a blackish color was preferred to red. Yellow, obtained from saffron, was expensive and reserved for the clothing of married women or the Vestal Virgins. There were far fewer colors than in the modern era.

Workers hanging up clothing to dry, wall painting from a dye shop (fullonica) at Pompeii
The Romans had to turn their material with a manual spinner. Iron alum was used as the base fixing agent and it is known that the marine gastropod, Haustellum brandaris, was used as a red dye, due to its purple-red colorant; the color of the emperor. The dye was imported from Tyre, Lebanon and was used primarily by wealthy women. Cheaper versions were also produced by counterfeiters. A more widely used tint was indigo, allowing blue or yellow shades, while madder, a dicotyledon angiosperm, produced a shade of red and was one of the cheapest dyes available. According to Pliny the Elder, a blackish color was preferred to red. Yellow, obtained from saffron, was expensive and reserved for the clothing of married women or the Vestal Virgins. There were far fewer colors than in the modern era.

2 In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.

4 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way?

6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

7 If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.

8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us.

9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?

10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake.

12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.

13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

“In my name” – not simply prayer that mentions Jesus’ name, but prayer in accordance with all that the person who bears the name is.  It is prayer aimed at carrying forward the work Jesus did, prayer that He Himself will answer.

14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.

The decorations on unbleached flax and purple wool reproduce geometrical and vegetal motifs identical with those of the sculptures and mosaics of the same period. In Egypt, the paintings of the third and fourth centuries often represent the dead clad in garments ornamented in the same way. These fashions spread throughout the whole of the Mediterranean basin, as one can examine in mosaics (Piazza Armerina, Sicily) and paintings in the Roman catacombs.

The decorations on unbleached flax and purple wool reproduce geometrical and vegetal motifs identical with those of the sculptures and mosaics of the same period. In Egypt, the paintings of the third and fourth centuries often represent the dead clad in garments ornamented in the same way. These fashions spread throughout the whole of the Mediterranean basin, as one can examine in mosaics (Piazza Armerina, Sicily) and paintings in the Roman catacombs.

15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.

16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever;

17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

“The Spirit of truth” – in essence and in action the Spirit is characterized by truth.  He brings people to the truth of God.  All three persons of the Trinity are linked with truth.

18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.

“I will come to you” – the words relate to the coming of the Spirit, but Jesus also speaks of His own appearances after the resurrection and at His second coming.

19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.

20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.

“At that day ye shall know” – the resurrection would radically change their thinking, and it did and with them at the time, as it does with us today. 

21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.

“Keepeth…loveth” – love for Christ and keeping His commands cannot be separated.  It is impossible to love Jesus and not keep his commandments.

22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?

Roman marble torso from the 1st century AD, showing a woman's clothing. After the 2nd century BC, besides tunics, women wore a simple garment known as a stola and usually followed the fashions of their Greek contemporaries. Stolae typically comprised two rectangular segments of cloth joined at the side by fibulae and buttons in a manner allowing the garment to drape freely over the front of the wearer. Over the stola, women often wore the palla, a sort of shawl made of an oblong piece of material that could be worn as a coat, with or without hood, or draped over the left shoulder, under the right arm, and then over the left arm.

Roman marble torso from the 1st century AD, showing a woman’s clothing.
After the 2nd century BC, besides tunics, women wore a simple garment known as a stola and usually followed the fashions of their Greek contemporaries. Stolae typically comprised two rectangular segments of cloth joined at the side by fibulae and buttons in a manner allowing the garment to drape freely over the front of the wearer. Over the stola, women often wore the palla, a sort of shawl made of an oblong piece of material that could be worn as a coat, with or without hood, or draped over the left shoulder, under the right arm, and then over the left arm.

23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.

24 He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me.

25 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.

26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

“Comforter” – the Holy Ghost.

“Bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” – when someone accepts Jesus into their heart the Holy Ghost also enters their heart. 

When Jesus said, “Whatsoever I have said unto you” He’s not talking about only what He had said to His disciples and others, but what is written in the Bible.

27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

28 Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.

“My Father is greater than I” – while Jesus was a man on earth the Father was greater and Jesus could do nothing without the Father.  Yet, because Jesus had absolute faith in the Father all that wanted was done (cf. 1 Jn 5:14-15).

29 And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe.

30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.

“Prince of this world – see 12:31.

Statue of the Emperor Tiberius showing the draped toga of the 1st century A.D. Clothing in ancient Rome generally comprised the toga, the tunic, the stola, brooches for these, and breeches.

Statue of the Emperor Tiberius showing the draped toga of the 1st century A.D.
Clothing in ancient Rome generally comprised the toga, the tunic, the stola, brooches for these, and breeches.

“Hath nothing in me” – Satan has a hold on people because of their fallen state.  Since Christ was sinless, Satan could have no hold on Him.

31 But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.

“As the Father gave me commandments, even so I do” – Jesus had stressed the importance of His followers being obedient and He set the example.  With these words He goes to fulfill His mission.


…the largest cities since 4000 B.C.


Scale Model of Noah’s Ark and John 13 – Washing the Disciples’ Feet

July 18, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.   Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry. Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research. If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

Scale Model of Noah’s Ark

Just as the first storms of winter roll in, Dutchman Johan Huibers has finished his 20-year quest to build a full-scale, functioning model of Noah’s Ark — an undertaking of, well, biblical proportions.826-1

Huibers, a Christian, used books 6-9 of Genesis as his inspiration, following the instructions God gives Noah down to the last cubit.

Translating to modern measurements, Huibers came up with a vessel that works out to a whopping 427 feet (130 meters) long, 95 feet (29 meters) across and 75 feet (23 meters) high.

Perhaps not big enough to fit every species on Earth, two by two, as described in the Bible, but plenty of space, for instance, for a pair of elephants to dance a tango.

Johan’s Ark towers across the flat Dutch landscape and is easily visible from a nearby highway where it lies moored in the city of Dordrecht, just south of Rotterdam.826-2

Gazing across the Ark’s main hold, a huge space of stalls supported by a forest of pine trees, visitors gaze upon an array of stuffed and plastic animals, such as buffalo, zebra, gorillas, lions, tigers, bears, you name it.

Elsewhere on the ark is a petting zoo with actual live animals that are less dangerous or easier to care for — such as ponies, dogs, sheep, and rabbits — and an impressive aviary of exotic birds.

“This boat — it’s amazing,” said Alfred Jongile, visiting from South Africa with his Dutch wife.

For Huibers, a builder by trade, it all began with a nightmare he had in 1992, when the low-lying Netherlands was flooded, as it has been many times throughout its history.

Huibers thinks that new floods are possible, not least due to global warming. He cites a New Testament passage prophesying that “the cities of the coast shall tremble” near the end of times.826-3

But he’s not worried the whole Earth will ever be flooded again. In the Bible, the rainbow is God’s promise it won’t be.

“I had a call from American television,” he says, laughing. “This has nothing to do with the end of the Mayan calendar,” he said.

He said his motivation is ultimately religious, though. He wants to make people think what their purpose is on Earth.

“I want to make people question that so that they go looking for answers,” and ultimately find salvation through God and eternal life, he said.

Johan’s Ark also contains a restaurant on the topmost level and a movie theater capable of seating 50 people.

Around the edges of each level of the craft are displays on ancient Middle Eastern history and dress, scenes from the life of Noah, and games for kids, including water pumps and a system of levers to lift bales of hay.

Down below there is a honeycomb system of hatches, each opening into an area where food could be sealed in for long-term storage.826-4

There is an outdoor space near the stern with a dizzying series of stairwells. 

Walking around, Johan points out features such as the curvature of the upper deck, which he said would have been used to collect rainwater for drinking, as well as for letting animals such as horses out to exercise where they could run around.

Another visitor, Martin Konijn, said he was impressed with the level of detail.

“You might know the story of Noah, okay, but if you see this you begin to get an idea of how it would actually have worked in practice.”

Huibers says he’s considering where to take the floating attraction next, including European ports or even across the Atlantic — though the latter would require transport aboard an even bigger ship.826-5

But Huibers is also working on a new dream, perhaps even more unlikely than the first one: he wants to get Israelis and Arabs to cooperate and build a water pipeline from the Mediterranean Sea to the Dead Sea.

“If you have faith, anything is possible,” he says.


Why would someone build a boat like that?  King David wanted to build a house for God.

And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding magnifical, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore now make preparation of it.  So David prepared abundantly before his death (1 Chr 22:5).826-j-1

Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD and he said, Who am I, O Lord God?  And what is my house that thou hast brought me hitherto?

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come.  And is this the manner of man, O Lord God?

And what can David say more unto thee?  For thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.

For thy word’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.

Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears (2 Sam 7:18-22).

So why would anyone want to rebuild Noah’s Ark or a house for God, it’s not like He needs it.  They do it to show their love and appreciation of Jesus Christ.  David had even danced for God.826-j-2

And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod (2 Sam 6:14).

Some people think that there is nothing on earth that we can give God, everything already belongs to Him and there’s nothing we can make for Him. 

Yet, there is one thing that God does not have and He truly wants, but only if it’s given to Him because He takes nothing.  Both King David and Johan Huibers had given Him that.  Have you?

God wants our time and heart.  Most people would look at Johan’s boat as a money making scheme, but no, Johan built the Ark to show God that nothing is more important to him then Jesus Christ.

When you give a child a present they are overwhelmed with joy and they smile from ear to ear.  When someone gives their heart to Jesus that is the same smile that God and the angles have (Lk 15:10).

The things that archaeologists find is amazing, tomorrow we will look at…

John 13
Washing the Disciples’ Feet

1 Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

The Mass of the Lord's Supper is the Catholic Mass celebrated on the evening of Holy Thursday. It inaugurates the Easter Triduum,[1] and commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples, more explicitly than other celebrations of the Mass. Many Anglican churches celebrate the Mass of the Lord's Supper (or the Proper Liturgy of Maundy Thursday). Depending on the jurisdiction, these rites are found in the Book of Common Prayer,[2] the Anglican Missal[3] or an alternative service book. The Mass stresses three aspects of that event: "the institution of the Eucharist, the institution of the priesthood, and the commandment of brotherly love that Jesus gave after washing the feet of his disciples."

The Mass of the Lord’s Supper is the Catholic Mass celebrated on the evening of Holy Thursday. It inaugurates the Easter Triduum, and commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples, more explicitly than other celebrations of the Mass.
Many Anglican churches celebrate the Mass of the Lord’s Supper (or the Proper Liturgy of Maundy Thursday). Depending on the jurisdiction, these rites are found in the Book of Common Prayer, the Anglican Missal or an alternative service book.
The Mass stresses three aspects of that event: “the institution of the Eucharist, the institution of the priesthood, and the commandment of brotherly love that Jesus gave after washing the feet of his disciples.”

2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him;

“Supper” – some believe that this feast was a fellowship meal eaten sometime before the Passover Feast.  This would mean that the Last Supper could not have been the Passover meal as the Synoptic Gospels clearly indicate.

However, this meal may have been the Passover Feast itself, in which case the accounts of the Synoptics and John would agree.

3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;

4 He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.

5 After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.

“Began to wash the disciples’ feet” – a menial task normally performed by a servant.  On this occasion there was no servant and no one else volunteered.  Jesus’ action was during the meal, not upon arrival, done deliberately to emphasize a point.

It was a lesson in humility, but it also set forth the principle of selfless service that was so soon to be exemplified in the cross.

6 Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?

7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.

8 Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.

Christ Washing the Feet of the Apostles by Meister des Hausbuches, 1475. Maundy (from Latin Mandatum),[1] or Washing of the Feet, is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. John 13:1–17 mentions Jesus performing this act. Specifically, in verses 13:14–17, He instructs them, 14 "If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet." 15 "For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you." 16 "Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him." 17 "If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them." As such, many denominations observe the washing of the feet on Maundy Thursday of Holy Week[1] Moreover, for some denominations, foot-washing was an example, a pattern. Many groups throughout Church history and many modern denominations have practiced foot washing as a church ordinance.

Christ Washing the Feet of the Apostles by Meister des Hausbuches, 1475.
Maundy (from Latin Mandatum), or Washing of the Feet, is a religious rite observed as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. Jn 13:1–17 mentions Jesus performing this act. 

“Never” – characteristically, Peter objected, though apparently no one else did.  He was a mixture of humility (he did not want Jesus to perform this lowly service for him) and pride (he tried to dictate to Jesus).

“If I wash thee not” – Jesus’ reply looks beyond the incident to what it symbolizes: Peter needed a spiritual cleansing.  The external washing was a picture of cleansing from sin, which Christians also sometimes need. 

Jesus showed His disciples His love for them, as like when we are baptized in front of others, shows our love for Jesus.  Yet, it shows more than just love, it shows that you have no fear in humiliating yourself for the Lord.

9 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.

10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.

11 For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.

12 So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

13 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.

14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet.

13:14-15 – Some Christians believe that Christ intended to institute a foot-washing ordinance to be practiced regularly.  Most Christians interpret Christ’s action here as providing an example of humble service.

I am of the latter purpose.  God would rather us go and do volunteer work to help the poor, rather than to open up a shop where people can get their feet washed.

15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.

Orthodox icon of Christ washing the feet of the Apostles (16th century, Pskov school of iconography). The Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches practice the ritual of the Washing of Feet on Holy and Great Thursday (Maundy Thursday) according to their ancient rites. The service may be performed either by a bishop, washing the feet of twelve priests; or by an Hegumen (Abbot) washing the feet of twelve members of the brotherhood of his monastery. The ceremony takes place at the end of the Divine Liturgy. After Holy Communion, and before the dismissal, the brethren all go in procession to the place where the Washing of Feet is to take place (it may be in the center of the nave, in the narthex, or a location outside). After a psalm and some troparia (hymns) an ektenia (litany) is recited, and the bishop or abbot reads a prayer. Then the deacon reads the account in the Gospel of John, while the clergy perform the roles of Christ and his apostles as each action is chanted by the deacon. The deacon stops when the dialogue between Jesus and Peter begins. The senior-ranking clergyman among those whose feet are being washed speaks the words of Peter, and the bishop or abbot speaks the words of Jesus. Then the bishop or abbot himself concludes the reading of the Gospel, after which he says another prayer and sprinkles all of those present with the water that was used for the foot washing. The procession then returns to the church and the final dismissal is given as normal.

Orthodox icon of Christ washing the feet of the Apostles (16th century, Pskov school of iconography).
The Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches practice the ritual of the Washing of Feet on Holy and Great Thursday (Maundy Thursday) according to their ancient rites. The service may be performed either by a bishop, washing the feet of twelve priests; or by an Hegumen (Abbot) washing the feet of twelve members of the brotherhood of his monastery. The ceremony takes place at the end of the Divine Liturgy.

16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.

17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.

18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.

19 Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.

20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.

21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.

23 Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.

25 He then lying on Jesus’ breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

Foot washing is observed by numerous Protestant and proto-Protestant groups, including Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, and Pietistic groups, some Anabaptists, and several types of Southern Baptists. Foot washing rites are also practiced by many Anglican, Lutheran and Methodist churches, whereby foot washing is most often experienced in connection with Maundy Thursday services and, sometimes, at ordination services where the Bishop may wash the feet of those who are to be ordained. Though history shows that foot washing has at times been practiced in connection with baptism, and at times as a separate occasion, by far its most common practice has been in connection with the Lord's supper service. The Moravian Church practiced Foot Washing until 1818.

Foot washing is observed by numerous Protestant and proto-Protestant groups, including Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, and Pietistic groups, some Anabaptists, and several types of Southern Baptists. Foot washing rites are also practiced by many Anglican, Lutheran and Methodist churches, whereby foot washing is most often experienced in connection with Maundy Thursday services and, sometimes, at ordination services where the Bishop may wash the feet of those who are to be ordained. Though history shows that foot washing has at times been practiced in connection with baptism, and at times as a separate occasion, by far its most common practice has been in connection with the Lord’s supper service. The Moravian Church practiced Foot Washing until 1818.

29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.

31 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.

32 If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.

33 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.

34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

“A new commandment” – in a sense it was an old one (Lev 19:18), but for Christ’s disciples it was new because it was the mark of their brotherhood, created by Christ’s great love for them.

35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.

36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.

37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.

38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.


…the roots of the Bible.


The Evil United States and John 12 – Jesus Anointed at Bethany

July 17, 2014

The words in Black and Maroon is the text from historical/archaeological facts or the numbered scriptures from the Bible.   Words in Blue are God - Red is Jesus – Green is Jerry. Jerry is not a scholar, but a very curious 12 year old boy who loves Jesus and likes to research. If you have any questions you would like to be answered privately or any subject you would like posted please contact me here.

The Evil United States

Jesus had warned us of the evil politicians, for example:825-0

For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.

All these are the beginning of sorrows.

Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake (Matt 24:7-9).

Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour (1 Pet 5:8).

This has been going on for centuries and centuries, but it’s getting worse and worse and now the wickedness has finally reached the United States.

—–

A father wanted to read a magazine but was being bothered by his little girl.  She wanted to know what the United States looked like.  Finally, he tore a sheet out of his new magazine on which was printed the map of the country.825-1

Tearing it into small pieces, he gave it to her and said, “Go into the other room and see if you can put this together.”

After a few minutes, she returned and handed him the map, correctly fitted and taped together.

The father was surprised and asked how she had finished so quickly?

“Oh,” she said, “on the other side of the paper is a picture of Jesus. When I got all of Jesus back where He belonged, then our country just came together.”825-2

That map of the United States doesn’t have to be a country; it could be a map of your life.  Hand your life to Jesus and it will all come together.

The following shows what Obama is doing to our country and what Oklahoma has to say about it, and just like the little girl’s map, you can change what you have by giving your problems to Jesus.

—–

“A State with No Republicans!”

Very interesting… Makes ya wanna move there, doesn’t it? (Not!) A wonderful state with zero Republicans – The State of Illinois.

Chicago

Chicago

Some interesting data on the ‘state’ of Illinois … There are more people on welfare in Illinois than there are people working. Chicago pays the highest wages to teachers than anywhere else in the U.S. averaging $110,000/year.

Their pensions average 80-90% of their income. Wow, are Illinois and Chicago great or what? Be sure to read till the end. I’ve never heard it explained better. Perhaps the U.S. should pull out of Chicago?

Body count: In the last six months, 292 killed (murdered) in Chicago. 221 killed in Iraq; AND Chicago has one of the strictest gun laws in the entire US.

Here’s the Chicago chain of command:

825-4-ObamaPresident: Barack Hussein Obama


 

825-5-Dick DurbinSenator: Dick Durbin

 

 

825-6-Jesse Jackson Jr.House Representative: Jesse Jackson Jr.

 

825-7-Pat QuinnGovernor: Pat Quinn

 

 

 

825-8-Mike MadiganHouse leader: Mike Madigan

 

 

 

825-9-Lisa MadiganAttorney General: Lisa Madigan (daughter of Mike)

 

825-10-Rahm EmanuelMayor: Rahm Emanuel

 

 

825-11The leadership in Illinois – all Democrats.

State pension fund $78 Billion in debt, worst in country. Can’t blame Republicans; there aren’t any!

825-12Cook County (Chicago) sales tax 10.25% highest in country. Can’t blame Republicans; there aren’t any!

This is the political culture that Obama comes from in Illinois. And he is going to ‘fix’ Washington politics for us?

George RyanGeorge Ryan is no longer Governor, he is in prison.

 

 

 

825-14-Rob BlagojevichHe was replaced by Rob Blagojevich who is, that’s right, also in prison.

And Representative Jesse Jackson Jr. resigned, and that’s right, he and his wife both are in prison also.

The Land of Lincoln, where our Governors and Representatives make our license plates. What?

As long as they keep providing entitlements to the population of Chicago, nothing is going to change, except the state will go broke before the country does.

Anybody who thinks he can be happy and prosperous by letting the Government take care of him better take a closer look at the American Indian.

Don’t forget Detroit, another great example of a Democratic empire…

Oklahoma

Oklahoma is the only state that Obama did not win even one county in the last election… While everyone is focusing on Arizona’s new law, look what Oklahoma has been doing!!825-15

An update from Oklahoma:

Oklahoma law passed, 37 to 9 an amendment to place the Ten Commandments on the front entrance to the state capitol. The feds in D.C., along with the ACLU, said it would be a mistake. Hey this is a conservative state, based on Christian values… HB 1330

Guess what… Oklahoma did it anyway.

Oklahoma recently passed a law in the state to incarcerate all illegal immigrants, and ship them back to where they came from unless they want to get a green card and become an American citizen. They all scattered. HB 1804. This was against the advice of the Federal Government, and the ACLU, they said it would be a mistake.

Guess what… Oklahoma did it anyway.

Recently we passed a law to include DNA samples from any and all illegal’s to the Oklahoma database, for criminal investigative purposes. Pelosi said it was unconstitutional SB 1102

Guess what… Oklahoma did it anyway.825-17

Several weeks ago, we passed a law, declaring Oklahoma as a Sovereign state, not under the Federal Government directives. Joining Texas, Montana and Utah as the only states to do so.

More states are likely to follow: Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Carolina’s, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, West Virginia, Mississippi and Florida. Save your confederate money, it appears the South is about to rise up once again. HJR 1003

The federal Government has made bold steps to take away our guns. Oklahoma, a week ago, passed a law confirming people in this state have the right to bear arms and transport them in their vehicles. I’m sure that was a setback for the criminals the Liberals didn’t like it — But….

Guess what… Oklahoma did it anyway.

Just this month, the state has voted and passed a law that ALL drivers’ license exams will be printed in English, and only English, and no other language.825-18

They have been called racist for doing this, but the fact is that ALL of the road signs are in English only. If you want to drive in Oklahoma, you must read and write English. Really simple.

By the way, the Liberals don’t like any of this either

Guess what… who cares… Oklahoma is doing it anyway.


This is what the devil is doing, where do you want to be when Jesus comes back?  With the sheep or the wolves?

The pictures are true signs that are on the Northbound on I-5 (88 miles south of Seattle).   

The federal government is now petitioning to have these signs removed, or Washington state will be denied additional monies for interstate highways.825-aa

The State of Washington replied, they will secede from the Union rather than be intimidated. These are a matter of free speech paid for by a private citizen. It seems the Obama government uses intimidation and ignores the first amendment when they want to silence someone.

People get baptized to show how much they love Jesus, like a wedding ring shows you love your spouse.  Some people go the extra mile to show that Jesus is always on their mind.  Tomorrow we are going to go back to Noah and show…

John 12
Jesus Anointed at Bethany

1 Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.825-a

2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odor of the ointment.

“Spikenard” – the name of both a plant and the fragrant oil it yielded.  Since it was very expensive, Mary’s act of devotion was costly. 

It was also an unusual act, both because she poured the oil on Jesus’ feet (normally it was poured on the head) and because she used her hair to wipe them (a respectable woman did not unbind her hair in public). 

Further, it showed her humility, for it was a servant’s work to attend to the feet.

4 Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, which should betray him,

5 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bear what was put therein.

7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.825-b

8 For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

9 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus’ sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead.

10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death;

The Jewish leaders previously had spoken of the death of one man (11:50), but now they wanted another death.  Sin grows among the heathens.

11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Jesus.

12 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

“Branches of palm trees” – used in celebration of victory.  John saw a multitude with palm branches in heaven (Rev 7:9).825-c

“Hosanna” – a Hebrew expression meaning “Save!” that became an exclamation of praise.

14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,

15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt.

16 These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.

An example of the meaning of 16:13.

17 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record.

18 For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle.

19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.

20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast:825-d

“Greeks” – probably “God-fearers,” people attracted to Judaism by its monotheism and morality, but repelled by its nationalism and morality, but repelled by its nationalism and requirements such as circumcision.  They worshiped in the synagogues but did not become proselytes.

21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.

22 Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.

23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.

25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

“He that hateth his life…shall keep it” – to love one’s life here and now – to concentrate on one’s own success – is to lose what matters.  Supremely, of course, the principle is seen in the cross of Jesus.825-e

“Hateth” – love for God must be such that all other loves are, by comparison, hatred.

26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honor.

27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.

28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.

29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said An angel spake to him.

30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.

31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.825-f

“Of this world” – the cross was God’s judgment on the world.

“The prince of this world” – Satan.  The cross would seem to be his triumph, in fact, it was his defeat.  Out of it would flow the greatest good ever to come to the world.

32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.

“All men” – Christ will draw people to Himself without regard for nationality, ethnic affiliation or status.

33 This he said, signifying what death he should die.

34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.

36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.825-g

37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:

38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?

39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again,

40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

These words from Is 6:10 are quoted by Jesus (Matt 13:14-15; Mk 4:12; Lk 8:10) and by Paul (Acts 28:26-27).

41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.825-h

“Saw his glory” – Isaiah spoke primarily of the glory of God (Is 6:3).  John spoke of the glory of Jesus and made no basic distinction between the two, attesting Jesus’ oneness with God. 

The thought of glory here is complex.  There is the idea of majesty, and there is also the idea that Jesus’ death on the cross and His subsequent resurrection and exaltation show His real glory.

Isaiah foresaw the rejection of Christ as the passages quoted (Is 53:1, 6:10) show.  He spoke of the Messiah both in the words about blind eyes and hard hearts, on the one hand, and about healing, on the other.

This is the cross and this is glory, for the cross and resurrection and exaltation portray both suffering and healing, refection and triumph, humiliation and glory.

42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:

43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.

45 And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.825-i

46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

“I am come…into the world” – points to both Jesus’ preexistence and His mission.

47 And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.

“To judge” – not the purpose of Jesus’ coming, but judgment is the other side of salvation.  It is not the purpose of the sun’s shining to cast shadows, but when the sun shines, shadows are inevitable.

48 He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.

49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.825-j

50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.


…that a Dutchman finishes a 20 year quest to build full scale model of Noah’s Ark.


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